EPC Ordination Exam Study Guides: Links to All Guides

Links to study guides for ordination exams in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church: 


*New: Study Guides on Quizlet formatted by Isaac Gould

Sacraments

Book of Order
General Exam Information, Reading List, Request for Ordination Exams Form


Click on the appropriate Label below to view all EPC Ordination Exam Study Guides on one page. 

R.C. Sproul’s Crucial Questions E-Books Now Free

EPC Ordination Exams: General Exam Information, Reading List, Request for Ordination Exams Form

Follow this link to a Study Guide for Written Ordination Examinations: Theology, Sacraments, Reformed Tradition found on the Evangelical Presbyterian Church (EPC) website resources downloads page.

It contains sections entitled:

  • General Exam Information 
  • Theology, Sacraments and Reformed Tradition Exam
    • Scope
    • Types of Questions
    • Suggested Books and Resources for Study and Review
    • Topics for Review
      • Theology
      • Sacraments
      • Reformed Tradition
  • Reformed Reading List
    • Theology
    • Biblical Theology
    • Sacraments
    • Reformed Tradition
    • Office of the Minister
  • Request for Ordination Examinations Form

This document is published by:

Evangelical Presbyterian Church
Ministerial Vocation Committee
Office of the General Assembly
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Livonia, MI 48152-7912
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epchurch@epc.org

God’s Promised Blessings Encourage Us to Pray

God’s promised blessings give us courage to pray. In 1 Chronicles 17, King David desired to build a house for the Lord, but was told that he would not be the one to do so. Instead, he was told, God would build a house for him (David). He would receive God’s covenant blessings. The prophet Nathan said to him, “‘I declare to you that the LORD will build a house for you: 11When your days are over and you go to be with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, one of your own sons, and I will establish his kingdom. 12 He is the one who will build a house for me, and I will establish his throne forever. 13 I will be his father, and he will be my son. I will never take my love away from him, as I took it away from your predecessor. 14 I will set him over my house and my kingdom forever; his throne will be established forever.’”
This gave David courage to pray. David’s response in prayer to God, in part, was the following, 25 “You, my God, have revealed to your servant that you will build a house for him. So your servant has found courage to pray to you. 26 You, LORD, are God! You have promised these good things to your servant. 27 Now you have been pleased to bless the house of your servant, that it may continue forever in your sight; for you, LORD, have blessed it, and it will be blessed forever.” (italics mine)
God’s promised blessings give believers courage to pray. We have just finished several sermons on Ephesians 1:3-14 which enumerates God’s blessings for believers – he has chosen us, he has adopted us, he has redeemed us, he has given us an inheritance – we have them already in part by means of the Holy Spirit, and we wait for the day of the Lord in which we will receive them in their fullness. This should give us courage to pray. We can be assured that the God who has given us so many blessings in Christ certainly has our best interest at heart, and therefore would be willing to grant our requests which are in his will for us. Just as a loving earthly father gives good gifts to his children when asked, certainly God will not withhold the things that we need (cf. Mat. 7:7-11). So let God’s promised blessings encourage you to enter into his presence in prayer – to give him thanks and praise, to confess your sins, to ask for what you need, and to pray for the needs of others.  Remember the words of the prophet Jeremiah, “Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh. Is anything too hard for me? (Jer 32:27 ESV)

Changing Lives in Low-Income Neighborhoods

As we consider who we are called to reach with the Gospel in the Perrysburg – Toledo, Ohio area, I noticed a good article on the effect of teaching about the kingdom of God in a particular kind of neighborhood. It includes the following quote which I consider to be a good definition of the kingdom of God.
“The Kingdom of God is the redemptive reign of God dynamically active to establish his rule among men, and that this Kingdom, which will appear as an apocalyptic act at the end of the age, has already come into human history in the person and mission of Jesus to overcome evil, to deliver men from its power, and to bring them into the blessings of God’s reign. The Kingdom involves two great moments: fulfillment within history, and consummation at the end of history.” (In Gospel of the Kingdom: Scriptural Studies in the Kingdom of God, George Ladd).

Tim Keller on Evangelistic Worship

Posted on  by Daniel L. Sonnenberg

Pastor Tim Keller shares what I think are some very helpful ideas about preparing for and communicating the gospel to unbelievers in Sunday worship. To understand what he means by “evangelistic worship” you may need to read the entire article. He doesn’t mean using a pre-packaged form of “seeker-sensitive” or “traditional” worship. He believes worship is best fashioned with a view to the the Bible, the cultural context and the historic tradition of each particular church. Here’s an excerpt to whet your appetite.
“Getting Unbelievers Into Worship:
Non-Christians do not get invited into worship unless the worship is already evangelistic. The only way to have non-Christians in attendance is through personal invitation by Christians…
…Christians will instantly sense if a worship experience will be attractive to their non-Christian friends. They may find a particular service wonderfully edifying for them and yet know that their nonbelieving neighbors would react negatively… [T]he best way to get to get Christians to bring non-Christians is to worship as if there were dozens and hundreds of skeptical onlookers. And if you worship as if, eventually they will be there in reality.
Making Worship Comprehensible to Unbelievers:
Worship and preach in the vernacular…Explain the service as you go along…Directly address and welcome nonbelievers…Cultivate high-quality aesthetics…Celebrate deeds of justice and mercy…Present the sacraments in ways that make the gospel clear…Preach grace…”
Copyright 2001 by Timothy Keller, 2009 by Redeemer City to City

Tim Keller on Preaching to a Mixed Audience

Posted on  by Daniel L. Sonnenberg

I appreciate the work of Pastor Tim Keller at Redeemer Presbyterian in downtown Manhattan in New York City. Over the past twenty years he has brought the Gospel to bear on a generation of mostly professionals who are now corporately seeking to renew the city “socially, spiritually and culturally.”
An excerpt from his blog on preaching to a mixed audience of Christians and non-Christians…
“When, in the early days of my ministry in NYC, I heard how expository and theological Lloyd-Jones’ evangelistic preaching was, and how evangelistic and gospel-centered his edificatory preaching was, it was an epiphany for me… Non-believers, especially in New York City, did not simply want light fare designed exclusively for them. They really wanted to know how this Christianity “worked.” Lloyd-Jones’ kind of preaching, which used the gospel to grow Christians and evangelize non-believers simultaneously, was the answer…”
“Gradually I developed a preaching ministry based on similar concepts of the nature of edification, evangelism, and the gospel. (I’ve written more on this subject in an article called Evangelistic Worship.) This in no way means I am copying their style of preaching. I am, of course, a Baby Boomer American. That means tones, emotional expressiveness, approaches to humor, uses of illustrations—are all widely divergent. But the basic philosophy of how to use the gospel is the same. I urge my readers to consider embracing it. That in no way requires that you try to copy my personal style either. It does require you, as a preacher, to understand and apply the gospel to the hearts of every listener every time.”

The Conversational Form of Reformed Worship

Posted on  by Daniel L. Sonnenberg

I’ve been looking at historic and current models of Reformed worship: John Calvin’s The Form of Church Prayers, 1542The Westminster Directory, 1645; and The Book of Common Worship, 1993. They all follow the model of a “group conversation with God” as described in an article / Bible study from the Calvin Institute for Worship Studies entitled, “The Pattern of a Worship Service.
According to the article, this “Conversation Model” of worship can be seen in Psalms 95, 96, and 98 among others.  This worship liturgy is patterned after a “conversation or dialogue in which both God and the people speak and listen at alternate times.” The liturgy includes several main sections or ”elements:” The Gathering, The Renewal, The Word, The Response to the Word, The Lord’s Supper (when celebrated), and  The Dismissal or Sending.
Following is a helpful chart from the article describing the elements, their purposes, and possible components that might be included in each.
ELEMENT OF WORSHIP
PURPOSE
POSSIBLE INCLUSIONS
The Gathering The corporate conversation between God and his children begins. Prelude
Processional
The Call to Worship
Opening Litany/Sentences
Declaration of Trust
God’s Greeting
Songs
Introits
Anthems
Passing the Peace
Liturgical Dance
The Renewal As worshipers come into the presence of a holy God they acknowledge their sinfulness and seek forgiveness and renewal in God’s grace. The Call to Confession
The Prayer of Confession
The Assurance of Pardon
Response of Gratitude
Reading God’s Will
Sacrament of Baptism
Remembering our Baptism
Passing the Peace
The Word God’s Word is proclaimed so that his voice is heard and his people can be instructed, strengthened, and directed. The Children’s Moment
The Reading of Scripture
The Prayer for Illumination
Song of Preparation
The Sermon
The Prayer of Application
Anthem
Scripture Drama
The Response to God’s Word God’s Word always calls for a response on the part of those who hear it. Songs
Anthems
Prayers
Offerings
Expression of Commitment
Profession of the Creed
Affirmations of Faith
Liturgical Dance
Drama
The Lord’s Supper The major response of God’s people to his Word is remembering the body and blood of the Lord for us. Songs
Words of Welcome
Great Prayer of Thanksgiving
Eating the Bread
Drinking the Cup
Profession of Faith
The Dismissal The corporate conversation between God and his people comes to an end and we take leave of each other. Songs
Liturgical Dance
Anthem
Words of Exhortation
The Benediction
Passing the Peace
The Postlude

Thoughts on Preaching

Posted on  by Daniel L. Sonnenberg

I am adjusting to the new responsibility of preaching every Sunday. My preaching responsibilities in the past were more infrequent, so I’m adjusting to a much faster pace. I love God’s word and the process of preparing and delivering weekly messages from it. I will continually seek to improve my skills in order to bring the truth of the Gospel to the church in the Holy Spirit’s power and love.

Revised 1 Peter Series Outline with Chapter, Verse Numbers

Posted on  by Daniel L. Sonnenberg

Glenn McIntyre recently made me aware that when I published the outline of First Peter earlier I did not include the verse numbers so that people could tell where we are as we go along. See below.
Persevering in Persecution: Help and Hope for Strangers in a Strange Land
1. Going Back to Basics: Trusting in Christ’s Work, Word and Witness (1:3 – 2:10)
a. Rejoicing in Christ’s Work of salvation in spite of trials (1:3-12)
b. Obeying Christ’s Word even in persecution (1:13 – 25)
c. Joining Christ’s Witnesses, a people who glorify God thru our good deeds before a watching world (2:1-10)
2. Witnessing to the World: Submitting to Those Who Don’t Know Any Better(2:11 – 3:6)
a. Introduction: conducting ourselves toward unbelievers (2:11-12)
b. Submitting to our unbelieving officials as to Christ (2:13-17)
c. Submitting to our unbelieving employers as to Christ (2:18-25)
d. Submitting to our unbelieving spouses as to Christ (3:1-7)
3. Fighting Fair with the Faithful: Blessing Those Who Ought to Know Better(3:8 – 4:11)
a. Agreeing and loving each other, being humble, blessing those who do evil instead of retaliating (3:8-12)
b. Following the example of Jesus, do good to others, even if we suffer for it, as Christ did. (3:13-22)
4. Standing Up to Suffering: Practicing Commitment, Care and Caution Thru the Pain (4:12 – 5:11)
a. Not being surprised or ashamed when it happens, but committing ourselves to God (4:12-19)
b. Elders should care for others their congregations and not be greedy for money or boss people around, but should be good examples to them (5:1-7)
c. Resisting the devil by being on the alert and trusting in Christ’s message, remembering that Christians everywhere are suffering as you are. (5:8-11)

Prayer in the Reformed Tradition for the Modern Church

Posted on  by Daniel L. Sonnenberg

I took a course in seminary entitled “Leading in Prayer” with Dr. Hughes Old. I look forward to using a number of the ideas from his class and book by the same title as I begin to plan worship services at Stonebridge. I wrote an extended paper as a final project for the class identifying the Reformed roots of both the forms and contents of the prayers in his book. Click on the following link to read my article entitled, “The Reformed Roots of Hughes Old’s Leading in Prayer: A Workbook for Worship.” An excerpt…
“The prayers of the Lord’s Day in the Reformed tradition have been shaped by a number of writers since the 16th century. Hughes Oliphant Old’s Leading in Prayer has drawn together the principles and content of these prayers in a way that can be adapted to the modern worship service.”

Is Your Church Too Cool?

A re-post of an article in Relevant Magazine. 

The Missions Field of Suburbia

What’s your calling? Don’t miss the opportunities literally in your back yard. Repost of an article from Relevant Magazine. 

Responding to Natural Disasters

My heart goes out to the many families who have lost loved ones and all their worldly possessions in the recent rash of devastating tornadoes in Alabama, Missouri and Arkansas. The destruction, even as we view it by television, is overwhelming. I can’t imagine what they must be feeling.
It’s heartening to hear the testimonies of many survivors who are truly thankful that their lives have been spared even though they’ve lost so much. I believe the Scriptures hold the key to answering questions about how we should think about such tragedies, what attitudes we should have toward God in relation to them, and what actions we should take in response.  This is not intended to be a comprehensive treatment of the topic, but merely a starting point for our thoughts and actions.

How we should think about natural disasters: In Luke 13 Jesus taught that such disasters and similar tragedies are not to be considered God’s judgment against those who suffered, but rather a warning for unbelievers to repent and turn to God for fear that they should die an eternal death.  
How those who suffer should think about God: Hebrews 4-5 reminds us that Jesus is our great high priest who can sympathize with and comfort those who suffer because he himself suffered loss, torture, rejection and death as a human being; and, Job 40-42 reminds us that since God’s ways are beyond our understanding, any criticism we feel toward him should give way to repentance and trust in his infinite wisdom.
How we should respond to those who are suffering: Many passages in the Psalms remind us of God’s care and help for the needy (Ps 22:24; 40;17); Ezekiel warns those who would care only for their own needs while ignoring the needs of those who are suffering “outside their door” (16:49-50);  Acts 11:29-30 reminds us how the church in Antioch sent relief — everyone according to their ability — to fellow believers who were suffering in Jerusalem; and, Paul’s letters to the Corinthians tells us that they sent messengers to deliver the offerings they had collected for the same needy Jerusalem church (1 Cor. 16:1-2 and 2 Cor. 8:19-20). One young family in our former church took such action after the recent earthquake in Haiti. Their teen and pre-teen daughters came up with the idea of having a number of T-shirts printed up with something like “Help for Haiti” on them and paying for them out of the family funds. They then offered the shirts for a donation to their friends and church family and sent the proceeds to a reputable relief agency. 

The English Bible: An Ordination Exam Study Guide for Use in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church (EPC)

Following are questions and answers I used in preparing for the English Bible portion of the ordination exams in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church. For the official EPC study guide for the written exams, click here http://www.epc.org/mediafiles/study-guide-theology-sacraments-reformed-tradition-written-ordination-exam.pdf.

Click the Label at the bottom of this post to see all EPC Ordination Exam Study Guides.

1.      In what chapters of the Bible is “prepatriarchal history” found?
1.  Genesis 1-11
2.  How do Genesis 1 & 2 differ from one another?
2.  Gen 1-focus on orderliness of creation in whole earth; emphasizes man as one created with authority.
Gen 2-focus on God’s love and provision for man in the Garden; emphasizes man as one under authority.
3.  In what chapter is the Fall of Man found?
3. Gen 3-Man rebelled against God’s authority and partook of the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
4.     Explain the significance of Genesis 3:15 for redemptive history and its relation to Christ.
4.  “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heal” (Gen 3:15).  The struggle between God and the evil one involves humans in a fight on two fronts:  their involvement with nature and their struggle with the realm of spiritual powers. Christ’s victory over Satan is promised here.
5.  Explain the Noachic covenant and where it is found.
5.  Gen 9-A covenant of nature which God made with Noah promising that never again would the waters become a flood to destroy all flesh.  The rainbow in the storm cloud was the sign of the covenant.  This type of covenant is a “royal grant.”
6.  Explain the Table of Nations and where it is found.
6.  Gen 10-An account of the descendants of Noah by his three sons…Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
7.  In what chapter is the Tower of Babel found?
7.  Gen 11-The inhabitants of the land of Shinar attempted to build a tower to the heavens in order to make a name for themselves but God revoked their building permit.
8.     In what chapters of the Bible is “patriarchal history” found?
8.  Genesis 12-50
9.     What chapters of the Bible tell the story of Abraham?
9.  Genesis 12-25
10.   What tree chapters of the Bible contain the Abrahamic covenant?
10. 
Genesis 12
Genesis 15
Genesis 17
11.   In what chapter of the Bible is the destruction of Sodom located?
11.  Genesis 19
12.   In what chapter of the Bible is the testing of Abraham found?
12.  Genesis 22
13.   What is the significance of Genesis 22:14?
  13.  “So Abraham called that place The Lord will Provide.  And to this day it is said, ‘On the mountain of the Lord it will be provided.’” (22:14).  During the Israelite monarchy the phrase referred to the temple mount in Jerusalem.
14.   In what chapter of the Bible does Joseph reveal his identity to his brothers?
14.  Genesis 45
15.   In what books of the Bible are the Exodus and Conquest found?
15.  Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, and Joshua
16.   What are the three main divisions found in the book of Exodus?
16. 
Divine redemption (1-18)
Covenant at Sinai (19-24)
Divine worship (25-40)
17.   In what chapters of the Bible are the plagues on Egypt found?
17.  Exodus 7-11
18.   In what chapters of the Bible is the Book of the Covenant found and what is this Book?
18. Ex 20-23 The Book of Covenant is a name for the code of laws given to Moses at Mount Sinai immediately after the Ten Commandments.
19.   Explain the significance of Exodus 34:6-7 and give cross references throughout the Old Testament.
 19. “And he (God) passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, ‘The Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin.  Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished:  he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation.”  (34:6-7)  The Lord’s proclamation of the meaning and implications of his name in these verses became a classic exposition that was frequently recalled elsewhere in the OT (Nu 14:18;Ps 86:15; Joel 2:13; Jonah 4:2)
  20.  What is the theme of Leviticus?
 20.   Holiness—of God and man, i.e. man must revere God in “holiness.”
21.    What are the two provisions God makes for His people in the wilderness?
  21.  1)  Manna; 2) Water
22.  What chapter in the Bible contains the story of the budding of Aaron’s rod and what is the meaning of this story?
22.   Num 17—It is a story vindicating the Aaronic priesthood against all opposition.
23.  What does the book of Deuteronomy consist of ?
23.   It consists of a repetition of the law.  It functions as a covenant renewal document.
24.  What is the historical setting of the book of Deuteronomy?
24.    Moses and the Israelites are in the territory of Moab in the area where the Jordan flows into the Dead Sea.  In transferring the reigns of leadership to Joshua, Moses delivered his farewell addresses to prepare the people for their entrance into Canaan.  These addresses were actually a covenant renewal.
25.  Explain the significance of Deuteronomy 6:4-5, in Old Testament and Jewish history.
25.    “Hear O, Israel:  The Lord our God, the Lord is one.  Love the Lord your God with all your soul and with all your strength.”  (6:4-5).  The Shema—it  was a call to covenant fidelity, remembering the covenant which God made with his people and their unique relationship to his.  It has become the Jewish confession of faith, recited daily by the pious. 
26.    Where is the Decalogue repeated?
26.   Deut. 5—Moses summoned all Israel and repeated the covenant which God made with Israel at Moreb.
27.  Cite two passages from Deut. which show the importance of the history of Israel’s redemption from Egypt.
27.  Deut. 7—This chapter reveals the reason for Israel’s redemption from Egypt…because the Lord loved them. (7:7ff).
Deut. 11—This chapter reminds Israel to love and obey the Lord because of his redemptive love (11:1ff)
28.  Where is the office of the prophet discussed?
28.    Deuteronomy 18
29.  Cite three passages where “love” is discussed.
29.  1.  Deut 5:10—In Moses’ restatement of the Ten Commandments.
2.     Deut. 6:4-5
3.     Deut. 11:1
30.  Where are the blessings and curses of the covenant located?
30.  Deuteronomy 28
31.   What is the major series of events recorded in the book of Joshua?
31.   1.  Entrance into the land  (1-5)
2.     Conquest of the land  (5-12)
3.     Distribution of the land (13-21)
4.     Tribal unity and loyalty to the Lord (22-24)
32.  Where is the story of Rahab and the spies located?
32.  Joshua 2—This is a story of reconnaissance and espionage by two spies who stay at the house of a prostitute named Rahab.  Rahab gave them protection in exchange for the spies promise that she and her family would be spared on the day of the siege of Jericho. 
33.  Where is the story of Achan’s sin located?
33.  Joshua 7—Achan took some of the “devoted” things for himself when forbidden by God’s covenant with Israel.
34.  Where is the renewal of the covenant at Shechem located?
34.    Joshua 24
35.  What is the significance of the phrase, “In those days Israel had no king:  everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” 
35.  Judges 17—It speaks of the cultic, social, and political breakdown of Israel after the death of Joshua, due to the Israelites’ penchant for rebellion.
36.  Where is the Song of Deborah located
36.    Judges 5
37.  Describe Deborah and her work as a judge.
37.    She was the fourth judge of Israel, the only female judge and a prophetess.  She was the wife of Lapidoth.  She and Barak defeated Sisera, the commander of the army of Jabin, king of Canaan, who had terrorized Israel for 20 years.
38.  Describe Gideon and his work as judge.
38.  He was a military hero who, with only 300 men, defeated a much larger Midianite army.
39.  Describe Abimelech and his work as judge
39.    A son of Gideon by a concubine from Shechem.  He murdered all the other sons of Gideon in order to secure his position as ruler over Israel.  After reigning for 3 years, he was severely wounded in a battle at Thepez when a woman dropped a millstone on his head from atop the city’s walls.  He commanded his armorbearer to kill him so it could not be said that he died at the hand s of a woman.
40.  Describe Samson and his work as judge.
40.  The last of the judges who was known for both his great physical strength and his moral weakness.  Betrayed by Delilah, he died, along with thousands of Philistines, when he pulled down the pillars of the temple of Dagon.
41.   What is the social and historical background of Ruth?
41.   It was a time of temporary peace between Moab and Israel in the period of the judges.  Spiritually, the times were dark.
42.  Who was Ruth’s mother-in-law?
42.  Naomi
43.  What is a kinsman-redeemer?
43.  A near relative who puts up his property in order to redeem the lost property of a destitute relative.  This was done so that an Israelite would not be disenfranchised from the land of his particular clan.
44.  What is Ruth’s relationship to David?
44.  Ruth was David’s great-grandmother.
45.  What is the significance of the genealogy of Ruth 4?
45.  It signifies that just as Naomi was brought from emptiness to fullness through the selfless love of Ruth and Boaz, so the Lord brought Israel from unrest to rest through their descendent David.  The ultimate end of this genealogy is Christ, the great Son of David, who fulfills this prophecy and will bring the Lord’s people into final rest.
46.  Who was Samuel’s mother?
46.  Hannah, wife of Elkanah.
47.  Where is Hannah’s famous prayer located?
47.  1 Samuel 2
48.  Who was the priest who helped her raise Samuel?
48.  Eli
49.  Give the time period for the Divided Monarchy.
49.  931-722 BC
50.  Who were the three kings of the United Monarchy?
50.  1.  Saul; 2.  David; 3.  Solomon
51.   Who was the first king of the northern kingdom (Israel)?
51.   Jeroboam
52.  In what two town did Jeroboam build altars and why?
52.  Bethel and Dan—He was concerned that the people of Israel might return to the house of David if they continued to journey to Jerusalem for the festivals and observances at the Temple of Solomon.  So he proposed an alternative form of worship that was idolatrous.  He made two calves and erected one in Bethel and one in Dan.
53.  Who was the king of the northern kingdom and his pagan wife who challenged the ministry of Elijah?
53.  Ahab and Jezebel (1 Kings 16-22).
54.  In what year did the northern kingdom fall to the Assyrians?
54.  722 BC
55.  Which of Solomon’s sons was the first king of Judah?
55.  Rehoboam.
56.  Was Isaiah a prophet in Israel or Judah?
56.  Judah
57.  In what year did Isaiah begin his ministry, according to Isa 6:1?
57.  “In the year that King Uzziah died…” 740 BC.
58.  What is one of the most common titles for God in Isaiah and what does it say about Isaiah’s ministry?
58.  Holy One of Israel—the vision of the Holy One in Isa 6 permeated Isaiah’s entire ministry.  He emphasized God’s transcendence and holiness.  This expression also is the strongest argument for the unity of Isaiah.  It occurs 12 times in chs 1-39 and 14 times in chs 40-66.  Outside Isaiah it appears only 6 other times in the OT.
59.  Cite the two main chapter divisions that critical scholars hold for “First” and “Second” Isaiah.
59.  1.  Isa 1-39; 2.  Isa 40-66
60.  In what chapter of the Bible is the prophecy of the virgin located?
60.  Isaiah 7:14
61.   In what chapter of the Bible is the “Wonderful Counselor” passage located?
61.   Isaiah 9:6ff
62.  In what chapter of the Bible does Isaiah speak of the new heavens and the new earth?
62.  Isaiah 65:17-25
63.  In what chapter of the Bible is the Song of the Suffering Servant located?
63.  Isaiah 53
64.  What time period may be described as “Judah Alone?”
64.  722-586 BC
65.  Name the 7th century king of Judah who was notorious for his idolatry and ungodliness.
65.  Manasseh—2 Kings 21
66.  Name the king of Judah who instituted widespread reforms when Jeremiah was ministering.
66.  Josiah
67.  When did Josiah begin his reign?
67.  640 BC
68.  Why is Jeremiah known as the “weeping” prophet?
68.  He wept openly about the sins of his nation and was sometimes depressed about the futility of his message.  He cried out because of his love for his people and his God.
69.  Who was Jeremiah’s scribe?
69.  Baruch—he wrote Jeremiah’s prophecies of destruction from the prophet’s dictation (Jer 36).
70.  In what chapters of the Bible can the Book of Comfort be found and what is this Book?
70.  Jer 30-33:  It depicts the ultimate restoration of both Israel and Judah.
71.   In what chapter of the Bible is the prophecy of the New Covenant found?
71.   Jeremiah 31
72.  What is distinctive about Habakkuk among the prophets of Israel?
72.  It includes no oracle addressed to Israel.  Instead, it contains a dialogue between the prophet and God.
73.  Where is the clearest expression of Habakkuk’s trust in Yahweh in the midst of judgment found?
73.  Hab 3:17-18:  “Though the fig tree does not bud and there are no grapes on the vines…yet I will rejoice in the Lord.  I will be joyful in God my Savior.”
74.  What nation is the primary topic of Obadiah?
74.  Edom
75.  What was Edom’s sin against Judah?
75.  She was proud over her own security and was gloating over Israel’s devastation by foreign powers.
76.  With which two major prophets were Zephaniah’s contemporaries?
76.  Jeremiah and Habakkuk
77.  Name the two main prophets of the exile.
77.  Ezekiel and Daniel
78.  In what period is “exilic history” found?
78.  C. 609-538 BC
79.  Give the dates for the three stages in which Jerusalem fell (see NIVSB “Background intro for Ezekiel)?
79.  1.   597 BC
2.     588 BC
3.     586 BC
80.  In what year was the first temple destroyed?
80.  586 BC
81.   Name the Babylonian king who destroyed the temple.
81.   Nebuchadnezzar
82.  In what three ways is Ezekiel’s priestly vocation reflected in the book that bears his name?
82.     1.  His vocation as priest is stated in 1:3
2.     Most of the book is written in prose rather than poetry due to his priestly background.
3.     The book contains numerous sentences of the case-law type.
83.  Where did Ezekiel minister?
83.  Babylon
84.  In what chapter of the Bible is the vision of the valley of dry bones located?
84.  Ezekiel 37
85.  What happens to the dry bones and what does it represent?
85.  The dry bones are given new life representing Israel’s restoration to life from the “death” of the Exile.
86.  In what chapter does Ezekiel speak of God’s giving Israel a new heart, a heart of flesh?
86.  Ezekiel 36
87.  What is the meaning of Daniel’s name?
87.  “God is my judge.”
88.  Explain the function of Daniel 1 in relation to the whole book.
88.  The first chapter is the prologue.  It sets the stage for the rest of the book by introducing Daniel and his three friends—Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah (?).
89.  Name the four kingdoms represented by the visions in chapters 2 and 7.
89.    1.  Babylon—head of gold
2.     Medo-Persia—chest and arms of silver
3.     Greece—belly and thighs of bronze
4.     Rome—legs of iron and feet of clay
90.  What is the significance of Daniel 2:44; 4:34, 35; 5:21; 7:27?
90.  God is in sovereign control over all creation.  He creates, sustains, and redeems in sovereignty.
91.   Does Revelation 11:15 help you understand Daniel?
91.   “The seventh angel sounded his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, which said:  ‘The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he will reign for ever and ever.’(Rev11:15).  The sovereignty of God which is so heavily emphasized in the book of Daniel reaches its climax in Revelation.
92.  Name the three prophets who dealt with the restoration period.
92.   1.  Haggai
2.     Zechariah
3.     Malachi
93.  In what year did the Jews return to the land of Palestine?
93.  538 BC
94.  Who was the Persian king who issued the decree to send the Jews back to Philistine?
94.  Cyrus
95.  In what year did Haggai and Zechariah begin their ministries?
95.  520 BC
96.  What was the main burden of Haggai’s ministry?
96.  Haggai was concerned with the rebuilding of the temple and with the returnees’ obedience and/or disobedience to God.
97.  Give the main excuse of the people as seen in Haggai 1:2.
97.  “…These people say, ‘The time has not yet come for the Lord’s house to be built.’”
98.  What is the significance of Haggai 2:6-9 for Old Testament eschatology?
98.  It is an announcement of the coming day of God’s judgment on the nations.  The restoration promised to Israel will encompass all of creation and with it the glory of the Lord will be greater than in Solomon’s time. 
99.  In what chapters do the visions of Zechariah take place?
99.  Zechariah 1-6
100.     In what two places is the prophecy of the Branch found?
100.     Zech 3:8 and 6:12—the “Branch” is a messianic title.
101.What is Malachi’s main literary technique?
101.  Rhetorical questions and answers; repetition.
102.     What is the significance of Malachi 1:2-5 for the doctrine of the covenant and election?
102.     “I have loved you,” says the Lord.  “But you ask, ‘How have you loved us?’  “Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” the Lord says.  “yet I have loved Jacob, but Esau I have hated…” (Mal 1:2-5).  This passage provides the basis for Romans 9.  God’s covenant is made freely by his sovereign choice.
103.     What is strange about the book of Esther, causing some to question whether it should even be included in the canon?
103.     It never mentions the name of God.
104.     What Jewish festival was initiated in this book (Esther)?
104.     Purim—a feast marking the Jews’ miraculous deliverance from Haman’s evil plot to exterminate them.
105.     What four books fall under the category of poetical and wisdom literature?
105.       1.  Psalms
2.     Proverbs
3.     Ecclesiastes
4.     Song of Songs
106.     Give the main thrust of Psalm 1.
106.     It is the polarity of the righteous and the wicked.
107.     Cite an important verse from Psalm 1.
107.     Ps. 1:1:  “Blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked or stand in the way of sinners or sit in the seat of mockers.”
108.     Give the main thrust of Psalm 2.
108.     It is a royal psalm proclaiming the blessedness of all who acknowledge the lordship of God and his anointed and “take refuge in him.”
109.     Cite the two important verses from Psalm 2.
109.     Ps 2:7—“…You are my son; today I have become     your Father.”
 Ps 2:9—“…You will rule them with an iron scepter;                   you will dash them to pieces like pottery.”
110.  Give the main thrust of Psalm 23.
110.  The Lord is the heavenly Shepherd-King.
111.   Give the main thrust of Psalm 46.
111.   It is a triumphant confession of fearless trust in God.
112.  Cite an important verse from Psalm 46.
112.   Psalm 46:1-4:  “God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble.  Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea, though its waters roar and foam and the mountains quake with their surging.  There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells.”
113.  Give the main thrust of Psalm 51.
113.  It is a humble prayer for forgiveness and cleansing.
114.  Cite an important verse from Psalm 51.
114.  Ps. 51:10:  “Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.”
115.  Give the main thrust of Psalm 67.
115.  It is a communal prayer for God’s blessing.
116.  Cite an important verse from Psalm 67.
116.  Ps 67:1-2:  “May god be gracious to us and bless us and make his face shine upon us, that your ways may be known on earth, your salvation among all nations.”
117.  Give the main thrust of Psalm 84.
117.  It is a prayer of longing for the house of the Lord.
118.  Cite an important verse from Psalm 84.
118.  Ps 84:1—“How lovely is your dwelling place, O Lord Almighty.”
119.  Give the main thrust of Psalm 96.
119.  It is a call to all nations to praise the Lord as the only God and to proclaim the glory of his reign throughout the world.
120.     Cite an important verse from Ps 96.
120.     Ps 96:1-4a:  “Sing to the Lord a new song; sing to the Lord, all the earth.  Sing to the Lord, praise his name:  proclaim his salvation day after day.  Declare his glory among the nations., his marvelous deeds among all peoples.  For great is the Lord and most worthy of praise…”
121.  Give the main thrust of Psalm 103.
121.  It is a hymn of God’s love and compassion toward his people.
122.     Cite two important verses from Ps 103.
122.     1.  Ps 103:2—“Praise the Lord, O my soul, and forget                       not all his benefits.”
2. Ps 103:12—“As far as the east is from the west, so far has he removed our transgressions from us.”
123.     Give the main thrust of Psalm 110.
123.       It contains oracles concerning the Messianic King-Priest.
124.     Cite an important verse from Ps 110.
124.     Ps 110:1—“The Lord says to my Lord:  ‘Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.’”
125.     Give the main thrust of Psalm 121.
125.     It is a dialogue of confession and assurance.
126.     Cite an important verse from Psalm 121.
126.     Ps 121:1-2—“I will lift up my eyes to the hills—where does my help come from?  My help comes from the Lord, the Maker of heaven and earth.”
127.     Give the main thrust of Psalm 128.
127.     It is the scope of pure blessedness.
128.     Cite two important verses from Ps 128.
128.     1.  Ps 128:1—“Blessed are all who fear the Lord, who walk in his ways.”
2.     Ps 128:3—“Your wife will be a fruitful vine within your house; your sons will be like olive shoots around your table.
129.     Give the main thrust of Psalm 132.
129.     It is a prayer for God’s favor on the son of David who reigns over David’s throne.
130.     Cite three important verses from Psalm 132.
130.     1.  Ps 132:10—“For the sake of David your servant, do not reject your anointed one.”
2.     Ps 132:13—“For the Lord has chosen Zion, he has desired it for his dwelling.”
3.     Ps 132:17—“Here I will make a horn grow for David and set up a lamp for my anointed one.”
131.  Give the main thrust of Psalm 139.
131.  It is a prayer for God to examine the heart and see its true devotion.
132.     Cite four important verses from Psalm 139.
132.     1.  Ps 139:1-2—“O Lord, you have searched me and you know me.  You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar.  2.  ”Ps 139:7—“Where can I go from your Spirit?  Where can I flee from your presence?”  3.  Ps 139:13-14—“For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s womb.  I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful.  I know that full well.”  4. Ps 139:23-24—“Search me, O God, and know my heart, test me and know my..”
133.     Give the main thrust of Psalm 146.
133.     It is an exhortation to trust in the Lord, Zion’s King.
134.     Cite two important verses from Ps 146.
134.  1.  Ps 146:3—“Do not put your trust in princes, in mortal men, who cannot save.”
           2.  Ps 146:5-6—“Blessed is he whose help is the God of Jacob, whose hope is in the Lord his God, the Maker of heaven and earth, the sea, and everything in them—the Lord, who remains faithful forever.  The Lord sets the prisoners free, the Lord gives sight to the blind, the Lord lifts up those who are bowed down, the Lord loves the righteous.”
135.     What are three literary types of Psalms?
135.     1.  Prayers for the individual.
2.     Prayers of the community.
3.     Confessions of confidence in the Lord.
136.     What is the theme of Proverbs and where is it stated?
136.     The theme is the way of wisdom (fear of the Lord).  Proverbs 1:7—“The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and discipline.”
137.     In what chapter of the Bible is the poem of the excellent wife located?
137.     Proverbs 31.
138.     What does “hokmah” mean?
138.     It means “wisdom.”
139.     What is meant by wisdom in Proverbs and what are two passages which illustrate it?
139.     Wisdom is rooted in the reverence and fear of the Lord.  All security and success depends on this fear.  Wisdom is the practical outworking of the fear of the Lord in the life of the believer.  Prov 1:7 and Prov 3:5-6 are two key passages that illustrate this.
140.     What does “goheleth” mean?
140.     It means “teacher.”
141.  What is the most common refrain found in Ecclesiastes and where can an example be found?
141.  Eccl 1:2—“Meaningless!  Meaningless! Says the Teacher, “Utterly meaningless!  Everything is meaningless.”
142.     What are some of the things which the preacher finds futile?
142.     1.  Pleasure
2.     Wisdom
3.     Riches
143.     From what perspective is Ecclesiastes written?
143.     It is the perspective of man’s own limited understanding.  The teacher takes measure of man and examines his capabilities seeing the vanity of the human enterprise apart from God.
144.     Who wrote the Song of Songs?
144.     Solomon
145.     What does the phrase “Song of Songs” mean?
145.     It means “the greatest of songs.”
146.     What has been the most common interpretation of this book (Song of Songs) in the history of the Church?
146.     It is that the Song is an allegory of the love relationship between God and Israel or between Christ and the Church or between Christ and the soul.
147.     What is the significance of Song of Songs 8:6-7?
147.  It represents the literary climax of the Song where the unsurpassed power and value of love—the love that draws man and woman together—are finally expressly asserted.  “Place me like a seal over your heart, like a seal on your arm; for love is as strong as death, its jealousy unyielding as the grave.   It burns like blazing fire, like a mighty flame.  Many waters cannot quench love; rivers cannot wash it away.  If one were to give all the wealth of his house for love, it would be utterly scorned.” (S of S 8:6-7).
148.     What does Song of Songs 8:6-7 say about marital love?
148.     It is the strongest human bond in human experience.
149.     What are the eight main divisions of the life of Christ according to the Synoptic Gospels?
149.       1.  Birth and early years of Jesus.
2.      Beginnings of Jesus’ ministry
3.      Jesus’ ministry in Galilee
4.      Jesus’ withdrawals from Galilee
5.      Jesus’ last ministry in Galilee
6.      Jesus’ ministry in Judea and Perea
7.      Passion week
8.      Resurrection
150.     In what two gospels is the birth of Christ recounted?
150.     Matthew 1 and Luke 2
151.  Cite the three chapters in the Synoptics where the parable of the sower is found.
151.  Matthew 13; Mark 4; Luke 8
152.     Cite the three chapters in the Synoptics where the transfiguration is found.
152.     Matthew 17; Mark 9; Luke 9
153.     Cite the three chapters in the Synoptics where the Olivet discourse is found.
153.     Matthew 24; Mark 14; Luke 21
154.     Cite the three chapters in the Synoptics where Jesus is praying in the Garden of Gethsemane.
154.     Matthew 26; Mark 14; Luke 22
155.     What does the term “Q Material” refer to?
155.     It refers to all material held in common by Matthew and Luke but not found in Mark.
156.     What is distinctive about Matthew’s version of the birth narrative?
156.     The actual birth of Jesus is not recorded.  Rather, the account moves from Joseph’s visit from the angel to the visit of the Magi after Jesus’ birth.
157.     How does Matthew’s gospel seem to be organized?
157.     It seems organized around five great discourses, perhaps modeled after the structure of the Pentateuch:  1.  The Sermon on the Mount; 2.  Jesus’ discourse to the Twelve; 3.  Jesus’ discourse from a boat; 4.  Jesus’ discourse with his disciples; 5.  Jesus’ discourse while walking from the Temple.
158.     Where is the Sermon on the Mount found?
158.     Matthew 5-7.
159.     Where are the Beatitudes found?
159.     Matthew 5:3-11
160.     Where is the Great Commission found?
160.     Matthew 28:18-20
161.  Cite three narrative features of Mark.
161.  1.  It is simple; 2.  It is succinct; 3. It is vivid, emphasizing more what Jesus did than what he said.
162.     Cite three of Mark’s theological emphases.
162.     1. The Cross—both the human cause and the divine necessity of the cross are emphasized by Mark; 2.  Discipleship—Jesus’ calls to discipleship often arise from his predictions of his passion; 3.Messianic Secret—several times Jesus warns his disciples or the person for whom he has worked a miracle to keep silent about who he is or what he has done.
163.     What is distinctive about Luke’s version of the birth narrative?
163.     Luke is the only Gospel writer who relates his narrative to dates of world history (“In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken…” 2:1).
164.     Name two classes of people Luke focuses on in his work.
164.     1.  Women; 2.  The poor.
165.     Name three parables which are found only in Luke’s gospel.
165.     1.  Parable of the Rich Fool (12:16-21); 2. Parable of the Prodigal Son (15:11-32); 3.  Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus (16:19-31).
166.     In what chapter of the Bible is the walk to Emmaus recorded?
166.     Luke 24.
167.     Explain the significance of Luke 24:25-26 and 24:44-48 for our understanding of the Old Testament.
167.  Jesus was the fulfillment of OT prophecy.  Everything he endured was rooted in the OT.  24:25-26—“(Jesus) said to them, ‘How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken!  Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and ten enter his glory?” 24:44-48—“(Jesus) said to them, ‘This is what I told you while I was still with you:  everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.”
168.     Where is the Prologue of John’s Gospel and how does it function?
168.     Jn 1:1-18 highlights the Incarnation of Christ (his deity, excellency) and his astounding rejection by the people.
169.     Name the three key concepts in John’s Prologue.
169.     1.  The Word became flesh; 2. The Word-made-flesh dwelt among us and was rejected; 3.  The Word gives life to all who believe.
170.     Cite two miracles in John’s Gospel that are not found in the Synoptics.
170.     1.  The water turned into wine (Jn 2); 2. Jesus’ raising of Lazarus (Jn 11).
171.  Cite three “I am” sayings in John’s Gospel.
171.  1.  “I am the resurrection and the life (Jn 11); 2.  “I am the way and the truth and the life.”  (Jn 14); 3. “I am the true vine.” (Jn 15).
172.     Where is Jesus’ conversation with Nicodemus located?
172.     John 3
173.     Where is Jesus’ conversation with the Samaritan woman located?
173.     John 4
174.     Where is the Farewell Discourse located?
174.     John 13-17
175.     Where is the High Priestly Prayer located?
175.     John 17
176.     Cite one of Jesus’ sayings on the cross which appears only in John’s Gospel.
176.     Jn 19:26-27—“Dear woman, here is your son…Here is your mother.”
177.     What is the theme verse of the book of Acts and what is its relation to the last verses of the book?
177.     Acts 1:8—“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”  It provides a virtual outline of the entire book.  The book is nicely resolved with Paul preaching the gospel from the seat of the Roman empire.
178.     What is the significance of Acts 2:38-39 for the doctrine of baptism?
178.  Acts 2:38-39—“Peter replied, ‘Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.  The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.”  Baptism depicts graphically what happens as a result of the Christian’s union with Christ, which comes with faith.
179.     Where is the selection and ordination of the first deacons located?
179.     Acts 6
180.     What is the significance of Acts 6:2-3 for the doctrine of the offices in the church and especially for the calling of the teaching elder?
180.  Acts 6:2-3—“So the Twelve gathered all the disciples together and said, ‘It would not be right for us to neglect the ministry of the word of God in order to wait on tables.  Brothers, choose seven men from among you who are known to be full of the Spirit and wisdom.  We will turn this responsibility over to them..”  Two offices are taught—elder and deacon.  The office of the teaching elder is primarily the teaching of the Word and prayer.
181.  Where is Paul’s conversion located and his later recounting of that conversion experience?
181.  1.  Acts 9—actual conversion experience; 2. Acts 22—to an angry mob in Jerusalem; 3.  Acts 26—to Agrippa.
182.     Name the church which commissioned Paul and Barnabas for their missionary journeys.
182.     Antioch of Syria.
183.     Where is Paul’s Areopagus address located?
183.     Acts 17.
184.     What is the Galatian heresy Paul is speaking against?
184.     Judaizers who insisted that a number of the ceremonial practices of the OT were still binding on the NT.
185.     Where does Paul say that those who are of faith are the sons of Abraham?
185.     Gal 3:7—“Understand, then, that those who believe are children of Abraham.”
186.     Where does Paul say that he has been crucified with Christ?
186.     Gal 2:20.
187.     What is the theme statement of Romans 1?
187.     Rom 1:16-17—“I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes, first for the Jew, then for the Gentile.  For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written:  ‘The righteous will live by faith.’”
188.     Where does Paul state that all are sinners?
188.     Romans 3:23.
189.     What verse states that the wages of sin is death?
189.     Romans 6:23.
190.     Where is an extended passage which proves that sin is universal since all men are “in Adam”?
190.     Romans 5:12-21.
191.  Where does Paul explain the present place of the Jews in God’s work in redemptive history?
191.  Romans 9-11.
192.     Where does Paul speak of offering ourselves as “living sacrifices”?
192.     Romans 12:1-2.
193.     Cite a verse on which the ordo salutis is partly based. 
193.     Romans 8:29-30—“For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.  And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.”
194.     Which verse contains an ascription of praise beginning with the words, “O the depths of the riches of both the wisdom and knowledge of God”?
194.     Romans 11:33-36.
195.     In what chapter does Paul speak about the struggle between the old man and the new?
195.     Romans 7.
196.     Give a six-point outline of the argument employed by Paul in Romans.
196.     1.  In the Gospel a righteousness from God is revealed; 2. All of mankind is unrighteous; 3. Through justification, the righteousness of God is imputed; 4.  Through sanctification, the righteousness of God is imparted; 4.  In the problem of the rejection of Israel, God’s righteousness is vindicated; 6.  The righteousness of God is practiced by believers.
197.     What is the theme of Ephesians?
197.     It is the revelation of Christ’s glory and lordship which the church is to proclaim to the world through the power of the Spirit.
198.     What is the significance of the “heavenlies” for gaining perspective on the Christian life?
198.     Christ is the exalted head of the church ruling in the heavenlies.  The believer is in union with Christ.  His life is therefore bound up in Christ who empowers the Christian through the Spirit to contend with the principalities and powers of the heavenlies.
199.     Explain the significance of Ephesians 4:1-13 for the doctrine of the church.
199.     God has made provision for those in the church to live and work together in unity and to grow together into maturity.
200.    What heresy is Paul fighting in the book of Colossians?
200.    He is fighting an extreme form of Judaism and an early stage of Gnosticism.
201.     Explain the significance of Colossians 2:9 for the doctrine of Christ’s nature.
201.     Colossians 2:9—“For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form”  The very essences of deity was present in totality in Jesus’ human body (a direct refutation of Gnosticism).
202.    Who was Philemon?
202.    He was a wealthy believer in Colosse who was a slave owner.
203.    Who was Onesimus?
203.    He was Philemon’s slave who was converted to Christ under Paul’s ministry.
204.    Why did Paul write his letter to Philemon?
204.    He wrote to appeal personally to Philemon to receive the former runaway, Onesimus, as a Christian brother.
205.    What New Testament book has been called “Paul’s letter of Joy?”
205.    Philippians
206.    Cite two verse which indicate Paul’s joy.
206.    1.  Phil 3:1—“Finally, my brothers, rejoice in the Lord.”
2.     Phil 4:4—“Rejoice in the Lord always.  I will say it again:  Rejoice.”
207.    Where does Paul speak of his desire to press on for Christ’s higher call?
207.    Phil 3:14—“I press on toward the goal to win the prize for which God has called me heavenward in Christ Jesus.”
208.    Explain the significance of Phil 1:21.
208.    Phil 1:21—“For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain.”  Christ was the source and secret of Paul’s continual joy (even in prison), for Paul’s life found all its meaning in Christ.
209.    What is the significance of Phil 2:5-11 for Christology?
209.    It reveals both a humiliated and an exalted Christ.
210.     What types of problems are being addressed in the pastoral letters?
210.     1.  False teachers; 2.  Ungodliness; 3. Laziness.
211.  Cite two views of 1 Timothy 2:11-15 for the doctrine of church offices.
  1.  Paul’s prohibition of women teaching men is not universal nor permanent but historically conditioned; 2.  Paul’s appeal to the man-woman relationship is grounded in creation and is therefore a universal and permanent restriction.
212.     What is the main theme of Hebrews?
211.It is the absolute supremacy of and sufficiency of Christ as revealer and as mediator of God’s grace.
213.     Name three to whom Christ is compared in the book of Hebrews.
212.     1.  Moses; 2. Angels; 3. Aaronic priests
214.     What chapter is known as the “Faith” chapter?
213.     Hebrews 11.
215.     What is the significance of Hebrews 1:1-4 for the issue of continuing revelation?
214.     1:1-4—“In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in those last days he has spoken to us by his Son…”  It show Jesus as the ultimate author of all revelation who surpassed the fragmentary and unfinished OT revelation.
216.     What is the significance of Hebrews 11:6 for the doctrine of faith?
215.     11:6—“And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him.”  Faith must have an object and the proper object of genuine faith is God alone.
217.     What letters compose the “Catholic” letters?
216.     1.  James; 2. Petrine letters; 3. Johannine letters; 4. Jude
218.     Where does Peter speak of the church as a “holy nation, a royal priesthood, etc..” and how is this significant vis a vis dispensationalism?
217.     1 Peter 2:9—As Israel was called God’s chosen people in the OT, so in the NT believers are designated as chosen.  Here Peter calls the church a holy nation showing a continuity between the nation Israel and the church, which dispensationalism denies.
219.     Where does Peter address the Elders of the Church as under-shepherds under the Chief Shepherd?
218.     1 Peter 5.
220.    Where does Peter speak to Christian wives with unbelieving husbands?
219.     1 Peter 3.
221.     Cite:  Jn 1:8-9 and explain its significance for the doctrine of sanctification.
220.    Jn 1:8-9—“If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.  If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.”  This is a key verse refuting perfectionism.  It also demonstrates the progressive nature of sanctification.
222.    What doctrinal problem was threatening the community to which John wrote in 1 John?
221.     It was an early form of Gnostic teaching which was also libertine, throwing off all moral restraints.  The Gnostics “secret knowledge” supposedly exempted them from the ethical demands of the Gospel.
223.    Cite a passage which deals with the Gnostic problem.
222. Jn 4:1-3—“Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world.  This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God:  every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God.  This is the spirit of the anti-Christ, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world.”
224.    Cite two passages where John speaks of love.
223.    1.  1 Jn 4:7—“Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God.”
2.     1 Jn 4:10—“This is love:  not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.”
225.    Explain the significance of 1 John 4:10 for the doctrine of Christ’s work.
224.    God’s holiness demanded judgment for man’s sin.  God, therefore, out of love sent his Son to make substitutionary atonement for the believer’s sin.  In this way, the Father’s wrath is propitiated (satisfied).
226.    What type of literature is Revelation?
225.    Apocalyptic.
227.    Where are the seven letters found in Revelation?
226.    Revelation 2-3.
228.    What were three problems these churches were facing?
227.    1.  Cold hearts; 2. Compromise with the world; 3. Sexual immorality.
229.    In what chapter is the thousand year reign of Christ found?
228.    Revelation 20.
230.    State the amillenial view of Revelation 20.
229.    The millennium describes the present reign of the souls of deceased believers with Christ in heaven.  The present form of God’s kingdom will be followed by Christ’s return, the general resurrection, the final judgment, and Christ’s continuing reign over the perfect kingdom on the new earth in the eternal state.
231.     State the premillenial view of Revelation 20.
230. The present form of God’s kingdom is moving toward a grand climax when Christ will return, the first resurrection will occur and his kingdom will find expression in a literal, visible reign of peace and righteousness on the earth in space-time history.  After the final resurrection, the last judgment and the renewal of the heavens and the earth, this future, temporal kingdom will merge into the eternal kingdom, and the Lord will reign forever on the new earth. 
232.    State the postmillenial view of Revelation 20.
231.     The world will eventually be Christianized, resulting in a long period of peace and prosperity called the millennium.  This future period will close with Christ’s second coming, the resurrection of the dead, the final judgment, and the eternal state.
233.    Familiarize yourself with Von Hendricksen’s outline of Revelation in his book More Than Conquerors.
232. 1.  Christ in the midst of the Seven Golden Lampstands (1-3); 2. The book with seven seals (4-7); 3. The seven Trumpets of Judgment (8-11); 4. The woman & the man-child persecuted by the Dragon and his Helpers (the Beast & the Harlot) (12-14); 5.  The seven bowls of wrath (15-16); 6. The Fall of the Great Harlot & of the Beasts (17-19); 7. The Judgment upon the Dragon (Satan) followed by the New Heavens & Earth, New Jerusalem (20-22).
234.    Recite all 66 of the biblical books by name in the order of the English Bible.
233.   Gen, Ex., Lev.,Num., Deut., Josh., Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings, 1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Prov., Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Mt., Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thess, 1 & 2 Tim., Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 & 2 Peter, 1, 2, 3 John, Jude, Revelation

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The English Bible (The Purpose of the 66 Books): Ordination Exam Study Guide for the Evangelical Presbyterian Church

Following is material I used in preparing for ordination exams in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church. 
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GENESIS:
TO TEACH ISR GOD’S DESIGN FOR THEM AS A NATION THRU THE            BACKGROUND OF EARLY WORLD HISTORY AND LIVES OF PATRIARCHS
  • 11 – BABEL
  • 12 – ABRAHAM “I WILL BLESS THOSE THAT BLESS..CURSE THOSE ATHAT CURSE..IN YOU ALL FAMILIES OF EARTH SHALL BE BLESSED
  • 15 – BELIEVED IN LORD AND HE RECKONED IT AS RIGHTEOUSNESS..
  • 19 – SODOM
  • 21  – COV ABRAHAM
  • 22 – THE LORD WILL PROVIDE – ISAAC
  • 31 – MIZPAH – JACOB AND LABAN
  • 50 – AS FOR YOU, YOU MEANT IT FOR EVIL, BUT GOD MEANT FOR GOOD
  • PREPATRIARCHAL 1-11
  • PATRIARCHAL 12-50
  • PRIMEVAL
    • CREATION 1-2
    • FALL 3-5
    • FLOOD 6-9
    • BABEL 10-11
  • PATRIARCHAL
    • ABRAHAM 12-20
    • ISAAC 21-26
    • JACOB 27-37
    • JOSEPH 37-50
EXODUS:
TO AFFIRM DIVINE AUTHORIY OF MOSES’ LEADERSHIP AND OF COVNT LAW AND WORSHIP REGULATIONS
  • 3 – I AM WHO I AM
  • 7-11 PLAGUES
  • 12 – PASSOVER
  • 13-14 – EXODUS
  • 20 – TEN COMMANDMENTS
 LEVITICUS:
TO GUIDE ISR IN HOLINESS SO THEY WOULD BE SET APART FROM THE WORLD AND RECEIVE BLESSINGS INSTEAD OF JUDGMENT WHILE LIVING NEAR HOLY PRESENCE OF GOD – TO CALL 2ND GEN OR ISR TO ARMS AS HOLY ARMY
  • 11:45  – BE HOLY FOR I AM HOLY
DEUT.:
TO GUIDE THE NATION IN COV RENEWAL UNDER JOSHUA
  • SUZERAIN, VASSAL = PREAMBLE, HIST PROL, STIPUL, RATIFICATION, SUCCESSION
JOSHUA:
HOW TO LIVE IN THE LAND
JUDGES:
APOLOGETIC FOR ISR’S MONARCHY
SAMUEL
           HOPE IN DAVIDIC LINE IN SPITE OF HIS FAILURES
KINGS
           ISR DESERVED EXILE BUT RESTORATION POSSIBLE THRU REPENTANCE
CHRON
           TO DIRECT RESTORATION OF ISR DURING POST-EXILIC PERIOD
EZ-NEH
           TO DEFEND EZ-NEH PROGRAM AND ITS CONTINUATION
RUTH
DEFEND LEGITIMACY OF DAVID’S KINGSHIP DESPITE MOABITE ANCESTRY
ESTHER
A MODEL FOR LIVING IN FIDELITY TO GOD OUTSIDE THE LAND (IN PERSIA)
JOB
           TO EXPLORE THE LIMITS OF PROVERBIAL WISDOM IN THE CASE OF            INDIVIDUAL SUFFERING
PSALMS
           TO PROVIDE ISR SONGS FOR WORSHIP IN VARIOUS SITUATIONS
PROV
           A RESOURCE FOR TEACING WISDOM TO YOUNG, ROYAL FAMILY, ALL ISR
ECCL
           LIFE VIEWED FROM HUMAN PERSPECTIVE LEADS TO PESSIMISM AND            HOPE THRU FAITH IN GOD
SONG OF SONGS
TO CELEBRATE BLESSING OF ROMANTIC LOVE BT HUSBANDS AND WIVES
ISAIAH
           TO ENCOURAGE CONTEMPORARIES’ LOYALTY TO GOD AND FUTURE            READERS TO BRING REMNANT OF ISR AND OTHER NATIONS BLESSING  AFTER EXILE
JER
           TO REMIND EXILES OF REASONS FOR TRIALS AND ASSURE THEM THAT            REPENTANCE WILL LEAD TO REUTRN TO THE LAND AND BLESSINGS
LAM   
           TO EXPRESS AND GUIDE OTHERS IN EXPRESSING SADNESS OVER BAD            CONDITIONS IN JERUS AND TOWARD GOD’S PEOPLE BY BABYLONIANS
EZEKIEL
           TO ENCOURAGE EXILES TO FAITHFULNESS SO GOD WOULD RESTORE            THEM TO LAND AND REBUILD TEMPLE AND JERUS TO GREATER GLORY
DANIEL
TO ASSURE EXILES AND EARLY RETURNEES GOD IS IN CONTROL OF HISOTRY AND TRUTH OF DANIEL ABOUT PROLONGED TROUBLES BEFORE FINAL STAGE OF GOD’S KINGDOM
HOSEA
           TO EXPLAIN TURMOIL OF JUDAH WAS GOD’S JUST JGMET LEADING TO            EXILE AND ASSURE OF RESTORATION AFTER
JOEL
           TO CALL GOD’S PEOPLE TO REPENTANCE AND TO ESCAPE JGMET AND            ENJOY BLESSINGS OF COMING DAY OF THE LORD
AMOS
           TO REVEAL SEVERITY OF JGMET FOR COV INFIDELITY AND DECLARE            HOPE OF RESTORATION AFTER EXILE
JONAH
           TO ENCOURAGE ISRAELITES TO EMBRACE GOD’S CALL TO EXTEND            MERCY TO THE NATIONS
MICAH
TO CALL JUDAH TO REPENTANCE AND HOPE DURING ASSYRIAN CRISIS AND PREPARE THEM FOR BABYLONAN EXILE LEADING TO JUGMETN AND RESTORATION
NAHUM
TO COMFORT JUDAH BY ANNOUNCING FUTURE JGMNT AGAINST NINEVAH
HABAKKUK
TO GUIDE ISR TO FAITH IN GOD DURING BABYL CONQUEST AND EXILE BY DISPLAYING HIS PERSONAL STRUGGLE AND RESOLUTION
ZEPHANIAH
           TO CALL PEOPLE OF JERUS AND JUDAH TO REPENTANCE IN FACE OF            BABYL EXILE AND HOPE OF RESTORATION AFTERWARDS
HAGGAI
TO ENCOURAGE RECONSTRUCTION OF TEMPE AND BRING BLESSINGS TO ISR AFTER EXILE
ZECHARIAH
           TO ENCOURAGE BELIEF IN TRIALS AND GREAT BLESSINGS WHEN     KINGDOM COMES IN FULNESS
MALACHI:    
           TO CALL DISCOURAGED PEOPLE IN PROMISED LAND AFTER EXILE TO            RENEWED FAITH BY ANNOUNCING COMING JUGMETN OF MESSIAH
MATTHEW:  
TO INSPIRE SERVICE AND OBEDIENCE TO GOD BY PRESENTING JESUS AS LONG-AWAITED KING AND KINGDOM AS FULFILLED PLAN OF REDEMPTION
MARK:
           TO PRESENT GOOD NEWS TO GENTILES W/ FACTS OF LIFE, DEATH, RES
LUKE:
           TO PRESENT ORDERLY ACCT OF J’S MINISTRY AND IMPORTANCE IN            SALVATION HISTORY TO PREACH TO THE NATIONS
JOHN:          
           TO PRESENT JESUS SO UNBELIEVERS WILL COME TO FAITH AND            BELIEVERS GROW IN FAITH IN MESSIAH, SON OF GOD
ACTS:
           TO GUIDE CHURCH BY SHOWING HOW THE HOLY SPIRIT EMPOWERED            APOSTLES TO SPREAD GOSPEL TO GENTILES
ROMANS:
TO PRESENT GOSPEL TO BELIEVERS IN ROME AND EXPLAIN HOW IT HEALS DIVISIONS BT JEWISH AND GENTILE BELIEVERS
1COR:
           TO COUNTER DEFIANCE, DIVISIONS AND LOVELESSNESS COMING FROM            PRIDE AND SELF-IMPORTANCE
2COR:
TO EXPRESSS AFFECTION AND GRATITUDE FOR PAST REPENTANCE AND ENCOURAGE LOYALTY TO PAUL AS APOSTLE OF X
GALATIANS:
TO HELP BELIEVERS RESIST FALSE TEACHERS WHO SAY THAT SALVATION            COMES TO THOSE WHO ADD HUMAN MERIT OF OBEDIENCE TO THE LAW TO FAITH IN X
EPHESIANS:
           TO TEACH THE WONDERFUL AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS OF BEING            THE CHURCH IN X
PHILIPPIANS:
           TO THANK THEM FOR SOLIDARITY W/ PAUL IN PRISON AND ENCOURAGE            THEM TO UNITY AND HUMBLE SERVICE TO ONE ANOTHER
COLOSSIANS:
TO AFFIRM SUFFICIENCY OF AND SUPREMECY OF X AGAINST ALL OTHER POWERS AND ATTEMPTS TO GAIN SALVATION
1THESS:
           TO ASSURE OF PAUL’S LOVE AND IMPORTANCE OF LIVING FOR X AND            RAMIFICATIONS OF HIS RETURN
2THESS:
           TO CONTINUE RE RETURNS OF X AND RESPONSIBLE DAILY LIVING
1TIM:
           TO GUIDE TIM AGAINST FALSE TEACHERS IN EPH
2TIM:
           SAME AS ABOVE AND TO CALL FOR TIM TO VISIT PAUL IN HIS LAST DAYS
TITUS:
TO ENCOURAGE TITUS TO COMPLETE ORGANIZATION OF CHURCHES ON CRETE, COUNTER FALSE TEACHERS AND INSTRUCT RE PROPER XIAN            CONDUCT
PHILEMON:
           TO OBTAIN FORGIVENESS FOR RUNAWAY ONESIMUS
HEBREWS:
           TO ENCOURAGE FIDELITY TO X AND THE NEW COVENANT BY SHOWING            THAT X IS THE NEW, FINAL AND SUPERIOR HIGH PRIEST
  • X is superior to angels, moses, aaron, and ot priests
  • The ot admitted temp character of its structures, so the new cov is not at all contrary to the old
  • Turnig from x and back to outmoded forms of faith will lead to divine judgment
  • People of the church must persevere to the end in faithfulness to x or they will suffer jgmet
JAMES:
           TO TEACH WISDOM FROM GOD FOR PERSEVERING THRU DIFFICULTIES            UNTIL THE RETURN OF X
1PETER:
           TO ENCOUAGE  PERSCUTED AND BEWILDERED XIANS TO STAND FAST            TOGETHER IN THEIR FAITH
2PETER: SAME
1JOHN:
           TO WARN AGAINST THE FALSE TEACHING THAT CHRIST HAD NOT            ACUTALLY COME IN THE FLESH AND TO ENCOURAGE A LIFESTYLE            APPROPRIATE FOR FOLLOWERS OF INCARNATE X
2JOHN:
           TO WARN AGAINST THE FALSE TEACHING THAT CHRIST HAD NOT            ACUTALLY COME IN THE FLESH AND TO  ENCOURAGE HOSPITALITY TOWARD PREACHERS OF TRUE GOSPEL
3JOHN:
           TO ENCOURAGE SERVICE TOWARD OTHERS, ESP TO HOSPITALITY TO            MINISTERS OF GOSPEL
JUDE:
           TO COMBAT FALSE TEACHING THAT XIAN LIBERTY AND SALVATION BY            GRACE GIVE BELIEVERS LICENSE TO SIN
REV:  
           TO ENCOURAGE FIDELITY TO X IN THE MIDST OF SUFFERING BY            AFFIRMING THAT GOD RULES HISTORY AND WILL SURELY BRING IT TO A            GLORIOUS CONSUMMATION OF JUDMENT AND BLESSING IN X

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The Westminster Confession of Faith: An Ordination Exam Study Guide for Use in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church (EPC)

Following are questions and answers from the Westminster Confession that I used in preparing for ordination exams in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church. 

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1.         What things show God’s attributes? 1-1
Our  natural understanding and the works of creation show his goodness wisdom and power.
2.         Can these provide the knowledge of God and his will so that we can be saved? 1-1
NO.
3.         What has God done to preserve and transmit the revelation of Himself, His general will and how to be saved? 1-1
He revealed himself at different times and ways and declared that this revelation contains his will for the church. Afterwards he put this revelation in writing to preserve and transmit it to the church for its comfort and establishment.

4.         How did the 66 books of the Bible come about? 1-2
All the books of the OT and NT, were inspired by God
5.         Because of this, what does this make the Bible? 1-2
the rule of faith and life
6.         Is the Apocrypha a part of the canon? 1-3
No. They are not divinely inspired and have no authority in the church. They are to be viewed only as human writings.
7.         Upon what does the authority of the Bible depend? 1-4
On the testimony of God, its author, who is the truth. Not on man’s testimony
8.         What is it that persuades and assures us of the truth and authority of the Bible? 1-5
The inward working of the HS, who testifies by and with the Word in our hearts
9.         Does the Bible have any errors? 1-5
No. It is completely perfect.
10.      What does the Bible primarily teach? 1-6
The whole purpose of God about his glory and man’s salvation, faith and life
11.      Can anything be added to the Bible? 1.6
Nothing from new revelations or traditions of men
  
12.      How sufficient is the Bible? 1-7
The uneducated as well as the educated can sufficiently understand everything we need to know, believe and observe.
13.      Because the Scripture is God’s Word, what should be done with it? 1-8
It should be translated into the native language of every people.
14.      What is the standard for interpretation of the Bible? 1-9
The Bible itself, by referring to other passages that speak more plainly.
15.      Who is the Supreme Judge in all religious matters? 1-10
The HS speaking in the Bible.
16.      Is there more than one God? 2-1
NO.
17.      For what ultimate purpose does God work everything? 2-1
FOR HIS OWN GLORY.
18.      What is God? 2-1,2
HE IS A SPIRIT WHOSE BEING, WISDOM, POWER, HOLINESS, JUSTICE, GOODNESS, AND TRUTH ARE INFINITE, ETERNAL AND UNCHANGEABLE.
19.      What is God due? 2-2
WHATEVER WORSHIP, SERVICE OR OBEDIENCE HE REQUIRES FROM ANGELS, HUMAN BEINGS AND OTHER CREATURES.
20.      How many persons are in the one God? 2-3
THREE. FATHER, SON AND HOLY SPIRIT.
21.      What is their relationship? 2-3
THE FATHER EXISTS, NOT GENERATED OR FROM ANOTHER SOURCE. THE SON IS ETERNALLY GENERATED FROM THE FATHER. THE SPIRIT ETERNALLY PROCEEDS FROM THE FATHER AND SON.
22.      According to what has God ordained whatever happens? 3-1, 2-1
BY HIS OWN WISE AND HOLY WILL.
23.      What three things does this not mean? 3-1
1)      THAT GOD IS THE AUTHOR OF SIN
2)      THAT HE REPRESSES THE WILL OF HIS CREATURES
3)      THAT HE TAKES AWAY THE FREEDOM OR CONTINGENCY OF SECOND CAUSES
24.      What does this establish? 3-1
THE WILL OF CREATED BEINGS AND THE FREEDOM AND CONTIGENCY OF SECONDARY CAUSES.
25.      Is everything ordained because God foresaw it would happen? 3-2
NO.
26.      What has God ordained in regard to men and angels? 3-3
THAT SOME SHOULD BE PREDESTINED TO ETERNAL LIFE AND OTHERS FOREORDAINED TO ETERNAL DEATH.
27.      On what basis did God make this choice? 3-5
THE PLEASURE OF HIS WILL. HIS MERCY AND LOVE. NOT ON THE BASIS OF FOREKNOWLEDGE.
28.      What in man influenced God’s choice? 3-5
NEITHER FAITH NOR GOOD WORKS.
29.      What has God ordained so that election will be accomplished? 3-6
ALL THE MEANS BY WHICH IT IS ACCOMPLISHED.
30.      Who are the redeemed in Christ? 3-6
THE ELECT ONLY.
31.      What did God use to create the world? 4-1
NOTHING.
32.      How did God create man? 4-2
MALE AND FEMALE WITH REASONING, IMMORTAL SOULS ENDOWED WITH KNOWLEDGE, RIGHTEOUSNESS, HOLINESS, IN HIS IMAGE, WITH THE LAW WRITTEN IN THEIR HEARTS, ABLE TO OBEY HIS LAW AND THE POTENTIAL TO DISOBEY (FREEDOM OF WILL WHICH COULD CHANGE).
33.      What is God’s providence? 5-1
HIS COMPLETELY HOLY, WISE, AND POWERFUL PRESERVING AND GOVERNING EVERY CREATURE AND EVERY ACTION.
34.      What does God use to work out his providence? 5-3
ORDINARY MEANS, OR WITHOUT, BEYOND OR CONTRARY TO THOSE MEANS.
35.      What does God’s providence include? 5-2,4
SECONDARY CAUSES, INCLUDING THE SINS OF MAN AND ANGELS. 
36.      What does God allow to happen to His children? 5-5
TO BE TEMPTED IN VARIOUS WAYS AND FOR A TIME TO FOLLOW THE CORRUPTION OF THEIR HEARTS
37.      Why does he do this? 5-5
TO CHASTISE THEM FOR PREVIOUS SINS AND TO REVEAL TO THEM THE STRENGHTH OF CORRUPTION AND DECEPTION IN THEIR HEARTS SO THAT THEY WILL BE HUMBLED.
38.      What does God do with the wicked and ungodly? 5-6
SPIRITUALLY BLINDS AND HARDENS THEM IN THEIR SINFULNESS, WITHDRAWS HIS GRACE, OR SOMETIMES WHATEVER GIFT OF SPIRITUAL UNDERSTANDING THEY ALREADY HAD, EXPOSING THEM TO OPPORTUNITIES FOR SINNING WHICH THEY SEEK
39.      What happened to our first parents? 6-1
THEY WERE LED ASTRAY BY THE TEMPTATION OF SATAN
40.      What was the result? 6-2
THEY SINNED IN EATING THE FORBIDDEN FRUIT
41.      What has happened to all the descendants of Adam and Eve? 6-3
THE GUILT OF SIN WAS IMPUTED TO ALL HUMAN BEINGS AS THEIR NATURAL DESCENDANTS
42.      What is the effect of original sin on each person? 6.4
TURNS THEM AWAY FROM EVERY GOOD AND INCLINES US TOWARD EVIL. MAKES US INCAPABLE OF GOOD
43.      Can anyone be completely free from sin in this world? 6.5
NO.
44.      What is sin? 6.6
DISOBEYING OR NOT CONFORMING TO GOD’S LAW IN ANY WAY.
45.      What are the consequences of sin? 6.6
SUBJECTION TO THE WRATH OF GOD, THE CURSE OF THE LAW, AND DEATH, WITH ALL ITS MISERIES, SPIRITUAL TEMPORAL AND ETERNAL.
46.      What has God graciously provided for man? 7.1
COVENANTS
47.      What was the nature of the first covenant? 7.2
COVENANT OF WORKS. LIFE WAS PROMISED TO ADAM ON THE CONDITION OF PERFECT OBEDIENCE.
48.      What was promised? 7.2
LIFE.
49.      What was the condition of the covenant? 7.2
PERFECT OBEDIENCE.
50.      What is the nature of the second covenant? 7.3
COVENANT OF GRACE.
51.      What does God give in this covenant? 7.3
OFFERS LIFE AND SALVATION THRU JESUS CHRIST, REQUIRES FAITH IN JESUS AND PROMISES TO GIVE THE HOLY SPIRIT TO ALL ORDAINED TO LIFE TO MAKE THEM WILLING AND ABLE TO BELIEVE.
52.      How was this covenant administered under the Old Testament? 7.5
BY PROMISES, PROPHECIES, SACRIFICES, CIRCUMCISION, THE PASCHAL LAMB, ETC GIVEN TO JEWS, ALL FORESHADOWING CHRIST. THEY LOOKED FORWARD TO THE COMING MESSIAH THRU WHOM THEY HAD FULL REMISSION OF SINS AND ETERNAL SALVATION
53.      How is it administered under the NT? 7.6
CHRIST, THE SUBSTANCE OF GOD’S GRACE WAS REVEALED. ORDINANCES ARE PREACHING THE WORD, THE SACRAMENTS OF THE LORD’S SUPPER AND BAPTISM. AVAILABLE TO ALL NATIONS.
54.      How many covenants of grace are there? 7.6
ONE COVENANT OF GRACE, UNDER DIFFERENT DISPENSATIONS.
55.      Who is God’s chosen mediator between Himself and man? 8.1
JESUS CHRIST
56.      What offices does He fulfill? 8.1
PROPHET, PRIEST AND KING, HEAD AND SAVIOR OF CHURCH, HEIR OF ALL THINGS, JUDGE OF WORLD
57.      What has God given Him from all eternity? 8.1
A PEOPLE TO BE HIS SEED TO BE REDEEMED, CALLED, JUSTIFIED, GLORIFIED BY HIM.
58.      Who is He from all eternity? 8.2
ETERNAL GOD, ONE SUBSTANCE AND EQUAL WITH THE FATHER
59.      What was necessary for Him to take upon Himself in order to be our Redeemer? 8.2
THE NATURE OF MAN, EXCEPT HE WAS SINLESS
60.      How did this happen? 8.2
CONCEIVED BY THE HS OF THE VIRGIN MARY
61.      How many natures are in the one person of Christ? 8.2
2 PERFECT DISTINCT NATURES, GODHOOD AND MANHOOD
62.      What did God do to equip Him for His office and work? 8.3
WAS SANCTIFIED AND ANOINTED WITH THE HS
63.      Was Jesus forced to do this? 8.4
NO. VOLUNTARILY TOOK IT ON.
64.      What was required for him to discharge this office? 8.4
HE WAS MADE UNDER AND PERFECTLY FULFILLED THE LAW, SUFFERED CRUCIFIXION AND DIED, WAS BURIED BUT DID NOT DECAY, ROSE ON THE THIRD DAY, ASCENDED TO HEAVEN
65.      What did he suffer? 8.4
SEVERE TORMENT IN SOUL AND SUFFERING IN BODY, CRUCIFIED AND BURIED.
66.      How was he exalted? 8.4
HE ASCENDED TO HEAVEN TO A PLACE OF POWER
67.      What is he doing now? 8.4
INTERCEDING FOR BELIEVERS
68.      What will he do? 8.4
RETURN TO JUDGE MEN AND ANGELS AT END OF WORLD
69.      Why did Christ only have to die once? 8.5
HIS PERFECT OBEDIENCE AND SACRIFICIAL DEATH COMPLETELY SATISFIED THE JUSTICE OF GOD AND PURCHASED RECONCILIATION AND ETERNAL LIFE
70.      Who does Christ’s sacrificial death save? 8.6
THE ELECT IN ALL AGES
71.      Because of the unity of Christ’s person, what does Scripture sometimes do? 8.7
ATTRIBUTES WHAT IS PROPER TO ONE NATURE TO THE PERSON INDICATED BY THE OTHER NATURE
72.      What does Christ insure? 8.8
THAT EVERYONE FOR WHOM HE PURCHASED REDEMPTION ACTUALLY ACCEPTS AND RECEIVES IT
73.      What has God given to man? 9.1
A FREE WILL (NOT FORCED OR NECESSARILY INCLINED TOWARD GOOD OR EVIL)
74.      What did man have in the state of innocence? 9.2
COMPLETE FREEDOM AND NATURAL ABILITY TO WILL AND DO WHAT IS GOOD AND PLEASING TO GOD; THE ABILITY TO LOSE THAT FREEDOM
75.      What happened to man as a result of the fall? 9.3
FELL INTO A STATE OF SIN; COMPLETELY LOST ABILITY TO WILL ANY SPIRITUAL GOOD INVOLVING SALVATION
76.      What is the nature of man since the fall? 9.3
COMPLETELY OPPOSED TO SPIRITUAL GOOD, DEAD IN SIN, UNABLE TO CONVERT HIMSELF OR PREPARE FOR CONVERSION
77.      What does God do when he saves someone? 9.4
FREES HIM FROM HIS ENSLAVEMENT TO SIN; ENABLED TO WILL AND DO SPIRITUAL GOOD
78.      What will man’s will be like in the glorified state? 9.5
PERFECTLY FREE AND PERMANENTLY INCLINED TO GOOD ALONE
79.      What does God do for those whom he has predestined to life? 10.1
EFFECTUALLY CALLS THEM OUT OF SIN INTO SALVATION
80.      How does he do this? 10.1
ENLIGHTENS THEIR MINDS SPIRITUALLY WITH SAVING UNDERSTANDING OF THINGS OF GOD; TAKES AWAY HEART OF STONE, GIVES HEART OF FLESH; RENEWS WILL TO DO WHAT IS GOOD
81.      Does this mean they are forced, or are like robots? 10.1,2
THEY COME VOLUNTARILY, MADE WILLING BY GOD’S GRACE
82.      What is the motivation and basis of effectual calling? 10.2
GOD’S GRACE
83.      What happens to babies that die? 10.3
REGENERATED AND SAVED BY CHRIST THRU THE HS
84.      What does God do for those He effectually calls? 11.1
JUSTIFIES THEM 
85.      What is justification? 11.1
PARDONING THEIR SINS, ACCEPTING THEM AS RIGHTEOUS FOR CHRIST’S SAKE; IMPUTES TO THEM OBEDIENCE AND JUDICIAL SATISFACTION EARNED BY CHRIST
86.      How is this received? 11.1
BY FAITH
87.      Can a person be justified in any other way? 11.2
NO, ONLY BY FAITH
88.      What always accompanies justification? 11.2
ALL THE OTHER SAVING GRACES
89.      What did Christ’s death do on behalf of those who are justified? 11.3
COMPLETELY PAID THE DEBT, MADE FULL SATISFACTION TO THE FATHER’S JUSTICE
90.      When are the elect justified? 11.4
WHEN THE HS ACTUALLY APPLIES CHRIST TO THEM
91.      What happens if someone sins after being justified? 11.5
GOD CONTINUES TO FORGIVE THEIR SINS
92.      Were the Old Testament believers justified in Christ? 11.6
YES, JUSTIFICATION WAS IDENTICAL W/ NT BELIEVERS
93.      What happens if those who are justified fall into sin? 11.5
COME UNDER GOD’S DISPLEASURE AND NOT HAVE A SENSE OF HIS PRESENCE UNTIL THEY CONFESS SIN, ASK FORGIVENESS, AND RENEW FAITH IN REPENTANCE
94.      What does God guarantee to all who are justified? 12.1
ADOPTION
95.      What benefits do we receive from adoption? 12.1
THE LIBERTIES AND PRIVILEGES OF GOD’S CHILDREN, HAVE HIS NAME PUT ON THEM, RECEIVE THE SPIRIT OF ADOPTION, HAVE ACCESS TO THE THRONE OF GRACE WITH BOLDNESS, ARE ENABLED TO CRY, “ABBA, FATHER;” ARE PITIED, PROTECTED, PROVIDED FOR, AND DISCIPLINED
96.      What work does the believer experience after regeneration? 13.1
SANCTIFICATION 
97.      How is a person sanctified? 13.1-3
THE POWER OF SIN IS DESTROYED, THE DESIRES OF THE OLD NATURE ARE GRADUALLY WEAKENED AND KILLED; ENABLED TO PRACTICE TRUE HOLINESS; A FIGHT BETWEEN THE OLD AND NEW NATURE ENSUES
98.      What are the results of the process of sanctification? 13.1
A NEW HEART AND SPIRIT ARE CREATED IN THEM
99.      What is the continual state of life in this world for the Christian? 13.2
WARFARE BT OLD AND NEW NATURES
100.   How does the believer overcome sin to grow in Christ and become like him? 13.3
THE HS STRENGTHENS AND PURIFIES ENABLING THE BELIEVER TO OVERCOME SIN
101.   What does God give to the elect so they may be saved? 14.1
THE GIFT OF FAITH
102.   How does it come? 14.1
A WORK OF THE SPIRIT USUALLY BY THE MINISTRY OF THE WORD
103.   What are the results of true, saving faith? 14.2
HE BELIEVES THE WORD TO BE FROM GOD; HE OBEYS THE WORD
104.   What is the product of the gospel working in believers? 15.1
REPENTANCE
105.   Can anyone expect to be saved without repenting? 15.3
NO
106.   What should people do when they sin? 15.6
CONFESS TO GOD AND PRAY FOR FORGIVENESS; CONFESS AND ASK OTHERS’ FORGIVENESS, DEMONSTRATE SORROW
107.   What are good works? 16.1,2
THOSE THAT ARE GOOD ACCORDING TO GOD AND COMMANDED IN HIS WORD
108.   How are believers enabled to do good works? 16.3
BY THE HOLY SPIRIT
109.   How are our good works accepted by God? 16.5,6
THEY ARE ACCEPTED IN CHRIST
110.   Are good works done by unbelievers accepted by God? 16.7
NO, YET IT IS MORE SINFUL NOT TO DO THEM

111.   Can true believers fall from their state of grace? 17.1
NO
112.   On what does the perseverance of the saints depend? 17.2
ON GOD’S DECREE OF ELECTION FLOWING FROM HIS LOVE; AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MERIT AND INTERCESSION OF CHRIST
113.   Of what can true believers be assured? 18.1
THEY ARE IN A STATE OF GRACE
114.   On what is this based? 18.2
THE PROMISES OF GOD FOR SALVATION
115.   What did God give to Adam? 19.1
A LAW AS COVENANT OF WORKS
116.   What are the three aspects of the law given on Mt. Sinai? 19.3,4
1)      CEREMONIAL LAWS
2)      JUDICIAL LAWS
3)      MORAL LAWS
117.   Do these continue under the New Testament? 19.3,7
ONLY THE MORAL LAWS; AND WHATEVER JUDICIAL LAWS ARE APPROPRIATE IN CONTEMPORARY LEGAL CODES
118.   What freedom has Christ purchased for believers? 20.1
FREEDOM FROM THE GUILT OF SIN, FROM THE WRATH OF GOD, FROM THE CURSE OF THE MORAL LAW; FROM THE EVIL WORLD WE LIVE IN, FROM ENSLAVEMENT TO SATAN, FROM THE DOMINION OF SIN, THE EVIL OF AFFLICTIONS, THE STING OF DEATH, THE GRAVE, AND ETERNAL DAMNATION
119.   Who alone is Lord of the conscience? 20.2
GOD
120.   Because of this, from what is the believer free? 20.2
THE DOCTRINES AND COMMANDS OF MEN WHICH ARE CONTRARY TO HIS WORD
121.   What is the purpose of Christian freedom? 20.3
SERVING THE LORD WITHOUT FEAR AND IN HOLINESS AND RIGHTEOUSNESS BEFORE HIM ALL OUR LIVES
122.   Does Christian freedom mean we can be rebellious toward the civil and church government and disruptive in church? 20.4
NO

123.   Who has established how we are to worship God? 21.1
GOD HIMSELF
124.   Where has God revealed how we are to worship Him? 21.1
IN HIS WORD
125.   Who are we to worship? 21.2
GOD ALONE
126.   Since the fall of man into sin, what is necessary for acceptable worship? 21.2
A MEDIATOR, CHRIST
127.   What is an oath? 22.1
CALLING GOD TO WITNESS WHAT THEY SAY IS TRUTH
128.   What is a vow? 22.5
PROMISING SOMETHING TO BE PERFORMED WITH FAITHFULNESS
129.   Is any kind of vow or oath acceptable? 22.7
NONE FORBIDDEN IN THE WORD, HINDERING ANYTHING COMMANDED IN THE WORD, OR IN HIS POWER FROM GOD TO PERFORM; EG., MONASTIC, POVERTY, CONSISTENT OBEDIENCE…
130.   What has God ordained to be over His people? 23.1
CIVIL AUTHORITIES
131.   What has He given to them to defend and punish wrongdoers? 23.1
THE POWER OF THE SWORD
132.   Can Christians serve in government? 23.2
YES, WHEN IT IS THEIR CALLING
133.   On what grounds is it lawful to wage war? 23.2
IN SUPPORT OF TRUE RELIGION, JUSTICE AND PEACE
134.   What is to be the relationship between church and state? 23.3
CIVIL AUTHORITIES SHOULD NOT MINISTER GOD’S WORD AND SACRAMENTS OR INTERFERE IN FAITH MATTERS; SHOULD PROTECT CHURCH W/O PREFERRING ANY DENOMINATION; SHOULD NOT INTERFERE W/ CHURCH GOVT; PROTECT THE ABUSED, INJURED ON ACCOUNT OF FAITH OR LACK OF IT; PROTECT ALL RELIGIOUS ASSEMBLIES FROM DISTURBANCE
135.   Should a Christian marry an unbeliever? 24.3
NO
136.   What part is the church to contribute in the marriage ceremony? 24.4
TO AFFIRM THE DIVINE INSTITUTION OF MARRIAGE; TO INVOKE GOD’S BLESSING; TO HEAR THE VOWS; TO ASSURE THE PARTNERS OF GOD’S GRACE
137.   On what grounds is divorce permissible? 24.5
EXTREME UNREPENTED-OF, AND IRREMEDIABLE UNFAITHFULNESS (PHYSICAL OR SPIRITUAL)
138.   Is remarriage permissible? 24.6
WITH SUFFIENCE PENITENCE FOR SIN, AND A FIRM PURPOSE OF CHRISTIAN MARRIAGE IS MANIFESTED
139.   What is the invisible church? 25.1
ALL THE ELECT OF ALL TIMES
140.   Of what does the visible church consist? 25.2
ALL PEOPLE OF ALL NATIONS WHO PROFESS CHRIST AND THEIR CHILDREN
141.   What is the purpose of the church? 25.3
TO GATHER AND PERFET THE SAINTS IN THIS LIFE
142.   What has been given by Christ to the church to accomplish this? 25.3
THE MINISTRY, SCRIPTURES, AND ORDINANCES
143.   What things demonstrate how pure a church is? 25.4
HOW THE GOSPEL IS ACCEPTED AND TAUGHT, HOW THE ORDINANCES OF GOD ARE ADMINISTERED, HOW PUBLIC WORSHIP IS PERFORMED
144.   Is any church perfect on earth? 25.5
NO
145.   Who is the head of the church? 25.6
CHRIST
146.   Because of union with Christ by his Spirit, what do believers have? 26.1
FELLOWSHIP WITH HIM IN HIS GRACE, SUFFERING, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND GLORY
147.   As a result of this, what are Christians to do? 26.2
TO PERFORM PUBLIC AND PRIVATE DUTIES WHICH NOURISH THEIR MUTUAL GOOD, BOTH SPRITUALLY AND PHYSICALLY
148.   Who is to minister the government of the church? 30.1
OFFICERS OF THE CHURCH
149.   What is the purpose of the keys of the kingdom? 30.2
TO EMPOWER THE OFFICERS TO FREE PEOPLE FROM THE GUILT OF SIN OR TO BIND THEM TO IT; TO CLOSE THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN TO THE UNREPENTANT BY THE WORD AND CONDEMNATION; TO OPEN THE KINGDOM TO REPENTANT SINNERS BY THE MINISTRY OF THE GOSPEL AND WITHDRAWING CONDEMNATION AS THE OCCASION DEMANDS
150.   What is the purpose of condemnation by the church? 30.3
TO RECLAIM AND REGAIN THOSE WHO HAVE COMMITTED A SERIOUS OFFENSE; TO DETER OTHERS FROM DOING SIMILARLY; TO PURGE THE CHURCH OF SIN; TO VINDICATE THE HONOR OF CHRIST; TO AVOID WRATH OF GOD
151.   Who is to execute this discipline? 30.4
THE OFFICERS
152.   What are the three degrees that this is to be carried out? 30.4
1)      WARNING
2)      EXCLUSION FROM SACRAMENTS
3)      EXCOMMUNICATION
153.   What authority do assemblies of the church have? 31.1-3
SUBJECT TO THE WORD OF GOD, THEY MAY SETTLE CONTROVERIES AND PROVIDE BETTER ADMINISTRATION
154.   With what issues should they be concerned? 31.4
TO SETTLE CONTROVERSIES OF FAITH AND MATTERS OF CONSCIENCE; TO SET RULES AND DIRECTIONS FOR BETTER PUBLIC WORSHIP AND CHURCH GOVT; TO HEAR COMPLAINTS IN CASES OF POOR ADMINISTRATION AND TO SETTLE THEM
155.   What happens to the bodies of people when they die? 32.1
THEY DECOMPOSE AND RETURN TO DUST
156.   What happens to the souls of people when they die? 32.1
IMMEDIATELY RETURN TO GOD
157.   What happens to the souls of the righteous? 32.1
PERFECTED IN HOLINESS AND RECEIVED INTO HEAVEN, BEHOLD FACE OF GOD, AND WAIT FOR FULL REDEMPTION OF THEIR BODIES
158.   What happens to the souls of the wicked? 32.1
THROWN INTO HELL, REMAIN IN TORMENT AND DARKNESS, SET APART FOR JUDGMENT DAY
159.   Where else does Scripture teach the souls of people go after death? 32.1
NOWHERE ELSE, ONLY TWO PLACES
160.   What will happen on the last day? 32.2
THOSE ALIVE WILL NOT DIE BUT BE CHANGED; THE DEAD WILL BE RAISED WITH THE SAME BODIES WITH DIFFERENT CHARACTERISTICS, AND UNITED TO THEIR SOULS
161.   What has God ordained to take place in the future? 33.1
A DAY HE WILL JUDGE THE WORLD IN RIGHTEOUSNESS BY JESUS CHRIST
162.   Who will be judged? 33.1
APOSTATE ANGELS, ALL WHO HAVE LIVED ON THE EARTH
163.   Why has God ordained this day to take place? 33.2
TO DEMONSTRATE THE GLORY OF HIS MERCY TO THE ELECT AND THE GLORY OF HIS JUSTICE TO THE WICKED
164.   What will happen to the righteous? 33.2
GO INTO ETERNAL LIFE TO RECEIVE FULNESS OF JOY AND REFRESHMENT FROM THE PRESENCE OF THE LORD
165.   What will happen to unbelievers? 33.2
THROWN INTO ETERNAL TORMENT AND PUNISHED AWAY FROM THE PRESENCE OF THE LORD
166.   Who is the Holy Spirit? 34.1
THE THIRD PERSON OF THE TRINITY, PROCEEDING FROM THE FATHER AND SON, OF THE SAME SUBSTANCE AND EQUAL IN POWER AND GLORY
167.   What do his works include? 34.2
GIVES LIFE; SOURCE OF ALL GOOD THOUGTHS, PURE DESIRES; BY HIM MOVED PROPHETS TO SPEAK THE WORD OF GOD, INSPIRED WRITERS OF SCRIPTURE TO RECORD GOD’S WORD; DISPENSES THE GOSPEL BY PREPARING THE WAY FOR IT, PERSUADES MEN TO BELIEVE
168.   What era of history has been especially committed to him? 34.2
THE NT ERA
169.   What work does he do in people to apply redemption to them? 34.2
PREPARES THE WAY FOR IT, PERSUADES MEN TO BELIEVE
170.   With whom does the Spirit unite believers? 34.4
CHRIST 
171.   What does He impart to members of the Body of Christ? 34.4
GIFTS AND GRACES
172.   To what is Christ’s sacrifice sufficient for and adapted? 35.1
THE WHOLE LOST RACE OF MAN
173.   To whom does God freely offer salvation? 35.1
ALL MEN
174.   What is it the duty of everyone who hears the gospel to do? 35.3
TO IMMEDIATELY ACCEPT IT
175.   To do what are all believers under obligation? 35.4
TO OFFER SALVATION THRU THE CHURCH BY SUSTAINING ITS SACRAMENTS; BY PRAYER, BY THEIR MONEY, AND PERSONAL EFFORTS

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The Sacraments: An Ordination Exam Study Guide for Use in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church (EPC)

Following are questions and answers concerning the sacraments taken from the Westminster Confession and the EPC Book of Worship that I used in preparing for ordination exams in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church. 

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I. WESTMINSTER CONFESSION

1.         What is a sacrament? 27.1
HOLY SIGNS AND SEALS OF THE COV OF GRACE

2.         What four things do they signify? 27.1

1)      TO REPRESENT CHRIST AND HIS BENEFITS
2)      TO CONFIRM OUR POSITION WITH AND IN HIM
3)      TO DEMONSTRATE A VISIBLE DIFF BT THOSE WHO BELONG TO THE CHURCH AND THE REST OF THE WORLD
4)      TO ENGAGE BELIEVERS IN THE SERVICE OF GOD

3.         What is the relationship between the sacrament and that which is signified? 27.2
SPIRITUAL RELATIONSHIP OR SACRAMENTAL UNION BT THEM; SO THE NAMES AND EFFECTS OF THE ONE ARE ATTRIBUTED TO THE OTHER


4.         Do the sacraments have power in and of themselves? 27.3
NO

5.         Does the person administering the sacrament empower it to be effective? 27.3
NO

6.         Upon what does the power and effectiveness of the sacrament depend? 27.3
THE SPIRIT


7.         How many sacraments are there? 27.4
TWO

8.         What are they? 27.4
BAPTISM AND THE LORD’S SUPPER

9.         What is baptism? 28.1
A NT SACRAMENT ORDAINED BY CHRIST WHICH ADMITS ONE INTO THE VISIBLE CHURCH

10.      Baptism is a sign and seal of admission into what? 28.1
THE CHURCH

11.      What five things does baptism signify and seal? 28.1

1)      THE COVENANT OF GRACE
2)      INGRAFTING INTO CHRIST
3)      REBIRTH
4)      REMISSION OF SINS
5)      BELIEVER’S YIELDING TO GOD THRU JESUS TO WALK IN NEW LIFE

12.      How is baptism to be administered? 28.2
BY WATER

13.      What mode of baptism may be used? 28.3
SPRINKLING, POURING, IMMERSION

14.      Who are to be baptized? 28.4
THOSE WHO PROFESS FAITH AND OBEDIENCE TO CHRIST, AND INFANTS OF ONE OR BOTH BELIEVING PARENTS

15.      Is baptism necessary for salvation? 28.5
NO

16.      Is everyone who is baptized saved? 28.5
NO

17.      How and when is the sacrament of baptism made effective? 28.6
NOT TIED TO THE MOMENT IN TIME ADMINISTERED; CONFERRED IN GOD’S APPOINTED TIME

18.      How many times is a person to be baptized? 28.7
ONCE

19.      What is the Lord’s Supper? 29.1
A PERPETUAL REMEMBRANCE OF CHRIST’S SACRIFICIAL DEATH AND AS SEAL OF ALL BENEFITS OF SACRIFICE TO BELIEVERS

20.      What things does the Lord’s Supper signify? 29.1
SPIRITUAL NOURISHMENT AND GROWTH OF BELIEVERS; A BOND AND PLEDGE OF BELIEVERS’ COMMUNION WITH JESUS

21.      To what does it testify regarding our relationship with other Christians? 29.1
A BOND AND PLEDGE OF BELIEVERS’ COMMUNION WITH EACH OTHER

22.      Is the Lord’s Supper a sacrifice for sins? 29.2
NO

23.      What does the Lord’s Supper commemorate? 29.2
THE SACRIFICIAL DEATH OF CHRIST

24.      How is the Lord’s Supper to be administered? 29.3
THE PASTOR DECLARES WORDS OF INST, PRAYS, BLESSES BREAD AND WINE TO SET APART FOR HOLY USE; HIS MINISTERS BREAK BREAD AND TAKE CUP, GIVE TO COMMUNICANTS AND TO THEMSELVES BUT NOT TO ANYONE NOT PRESENT

25.      How do worthy recipients receive Christ in this sacrament? 29.7
PHYSICALLY PARTAKING ELEMENTS; BY FAITH SPIRITUALLY RECEIVE AND FEED ON CHRIST CRUCIFIED AND ALL BENEFITS OF HIS DEATH

26.      What is the relationship between the bread and wine and the actual presence of Christ? 29.7
THE BODY AND BLOOD OF CHRIST IS NOT PHYSICALLY IN OR ON OR WITH OR UNDER THE ELEMENTS BUT ARE ACTUALLY SPIRITUALLY PRESENT TO THE FAITH OF THE BELIEVERS, JUST AS THE ELEMENTS ARE PHYSICALLY PRESENT

27.      Should anyone be allowed to partake of the Lord’s Supper? 29.8
IGNORANT OR UNWORTHY MAY NOT PARTAKE


II. BOOK OF WORSHIP

28.      Who may administer the sacraments? 3.1
ORDAINED MINISTER

29.      Who may be baptized? 3.2A
THOSE PROFESSED FAITH AND OBEDIENCE AND THEIR CHILDREN

30.      What happens when baptism is neglected? 3.2C
THE BLESSINGS OF GOD PROMISED IN THE SACRAMENT ARE LOST

31.      Where should baptism be administered? 3.2E
IN CORPORATE WORSHIP

32.      In the event the baptism takes place at a location other than public worship, who should be present to represent the congregation? 3.2E
AT LEAST ONE RULING ELDER

33.      Who should be baptized as an adult? 3.2F
ONE NOT BAPTIZED AS INFANT WHO PROFESSES FAITH IN CHRIST

34.      What should be given to the adult being baptized? 3.2F1
INSTRUCTION ON THE MEANING OF THE SACRAMENT, OBLIGATIONS OF CHURCH MEMBERSHIP, THE NEED TO LIVE BY FAITH, WALK IN HOLINESS AND RIGHTEOUSNESS, TO LOVE OTHER CHRISTIANS

35.      Who is to authorize the baptism? 3.2F1
SESSION

36.      What is necessary for the Session to authorize baptism? 3.2F1
SATISFACTION TO PERSON’S FULL INTENTION TO BE OBEDIENT TO CHRIST AND PROFESSION OF FAITH

37.      What does baptism of a child require? 3.2G
TWO-FOLD AFFIRMATION, ONE BY PARENTS AND ONE BY CONGREG TO PROVIDE NURTURE, SUPPORT, GODLY EXAMPLE, DISCIPLINE

38.      Who may present the child for baptism? 3.2G1, 3.2A
ACTIVE MEMBERS – ONE OR BOTH BELIEVING PARENTS OR A BELIEVER WHO EXERCISES AUTHORITY OF A PARENT

39.      Who else may the Session authorize to be baptized? 3.2G1
THOSE ON THE INACTIVE ROLL

40.      What is the Session to do when a child of believers who are members of another church is to be baptized? 3.2G1
NOTIFY GOVERNING BODY OF CHURCH OF BAPTISM

41.      Where are all baptisms to be recorded? 3.2G1
PERMANENT RECORD OF SESSION

42.      Do the EPC recognize Godparents? 3.2G3
NO

43.      What is the continuing obligation of the Session to the baptized child? 3.2G8
WATCH OVER, PROVIDE FOR SPIRTUAL NURTURE NECESSARY TO GROW IN GRACE, PROVIDE OPPORTUNITIES, SUCH AS COMMUNICANTS’ CLASS WHERE THEY MAY PROFESS FAITH AND BE PREPARED TO BECOME FULL MEMBERS AND PARTICIPANTS IN LIFE OF CHURCH

44.      In what way is Christ present in the Lord’s Supper? 3.3B
SPIRITUALLY

45.      How often should the Lord’s Supper be observed? 3.3E
AT LEAST QUARTERLY

46.      What should always be done in conjunction with the Lord’s Supper? 3.3F
PREACH THE WORD

47.      When can baptized children be admitted to the Lord’s Table? 3.3I
AFTER THEY APPEAR BEFORE THE SESSION AND PROFESS FAITH IN ACCEPTABLE MANNER

48.      Who may distribute the elements? 3.3L
RULING ELDERS OR OTHERS APPOINTED BY THEM

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The Book of Order (Book of Government, Book of Discipline, and Book of Worship): An Ordination Exam Study Guide for Use in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church (EPC)

Following are questions and answers from the EPC Book of Order that I used in preparing for ordination exams in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church. 

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I. THE BOOK OF GOVERNMENT
1.         What is the Constitution of the EPC? Preface
WESTMINSTER STANDARDS, BOOK OF ORDER, ESSENTIALS OF OUR FAITH
2.         What does the Book of Order consist of? Preface
BOOK OF GOVT, BOOK OF DISCIPLINE, BOOK OF WORSHIP
3.         What is the purpose of the visible church? 1.3
GATHERING AND PERFECTING THE SAINTS
4.         Who are the members of the visible church? 1.3
ALL PERSONS WHO PROFESS JESUS AS LORD AND SAVIOR AND SUBMIT TO HIM, ALONG WITH THEIR CHILDREN
5.         What four things are said to bind the visible church in its essential unity? 1.5
1)      SCRIPTURAL DISCIPLINE
2)      WORD RIGHTLY PROCLAIMED
3)      SACRAMENTS PROPERLY OBSERVED
4)      LOVING FELLOWSHIP MAINTAINED
6.         What is the Presbyterian form of government? 2.1
BY ELDERS, RULING AND TEACHING, IN COURTS IN REGULAR GRADATION
7.         Who are the officers of the church? 2.2
TEACHING ELDERS, RULING ELDERS, DEACONS
8.         What are the courts of the church? 2.3
SESSION, PRESBYTERY, GENERAL ASSEMBLY
9.         What is to be the ratio of representation at Presbytery and General Assembly of Ruling Elders to Teaching Elders? 2.3
2 RULING ELDERS TO 1 TEACHING ELDER
10.      What is the power of the church? 3.1
MORAL AND SPIRITUAL
11.      Where are the powers of the church exercised? 3.1
IN THE CHURCH COURTS, NOT IN INDIVIDUALS
12.      How must these powers be exercised? 3.1
FOR PROCLAMATION, ADMINISTRATION, AND ENFORCEMENT OF SCRIPTURAL LAWS
13.      What are the two kinds of powers of the church? 3.2
1)      ORDER
2)      JURISDICTION
14.      What is the purpose of these powers? 3.3
TO EDIFY GOD’S PEOPLE, PROMOTE THE FAITH IN THE CHURCH, EVANGELIZE THE WORLD
15.      What does a particular church consist of? 4.1
ALL PROFESSING CHRISTIANS WITH THEIR CHILDREN WHO LIVE THEIR FAITH
16.      What is the primary privilege and duty of a particular church? 4.2
WORSHIP GOD REGULARLY
17.      What is the primary work of the church? 4.3
EVANGELISM AT HOME AND ABROAD
18.      Summarize the church’s responsibilities for the children. 4.4,6
TO PROMOTE TRUE RELIGION IN THE HOME: LEARNING THE WORD OF GOD UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF THE HS
19.      Is it required for a church to have a Board of Deacons? 4.8
NO      
20.      Who alone has the right to organized, dissolve, dismiss or receive a particular church? 5.1
PRESBYTERY
21.      What is the difference between a mission church and an organized church? 5.2
HAS NO PERM GOVERNING BODY
22.      How may Presbytery organize a church? 5.3A
DIRECTLY OR THRU A COMMISSION
23.      What does it mean to “receive” another church? 5.4
FROM ANOTHER BODY OR FROM INDEPENDENCY DESIRES TO JOIN THE EPC; PETITIONS THE PRESBYTERY BY A DELEGATION; PROMISES TO PROMOTE PURITY AND PEACE
24.      What does it mean to “dissolve” a church? 5.5
WHEN A CONGREGATION CEASES TO EXIST OR IS DISSOLVED THE PROPERTY REMAINING GOES TO THE PRESBYTERY; REMAINING MEMBERS ARE COMMENDED TO ANOTHER CONGREGATION BY PRESBYT…
25.      What does it mean to “dismiss” a church? 5.6
TO ANOTHER BODY OR TO INDEPENDENCE; SESSION NOTIFIES PRESBYTERY OF DESIRE; CALLS MEETING, MOTION PUT AND DISCUSSED; RECESS 3-6 MONTHS; RECONVENE, MOTION PUT AND DISCUSSED; MUST PASS BY 2/3 VOTE, WRITTEN BALLOT
26.      What are the three classes of membership , what are their respective requirements and what rights does each class entitle one to?
1)      CONFIRMED: BAPTIZED, MADE PROFESSION OF FAITH, AND ADMITTED BY SESSION; MAY PARTICIPATE IN GOVERNING AND VOTING
2)      BAPTIZED: THOSE WHOSE PARENTS IN GOOD STANDING; MAY RECEIVE BAPTISM
3)      AFFILIATE: SEPARATED GEOGRAPHICALLY (SCHOOL, MILITARY), FOR ONE YEAR, RENEWABLE; RIGHTS OF CONFIRMED MEMBERS EXCEPT MAY NOT VOTE OR HOLD OFFICE
27.      What rights are irrevocably reversed to a particular church? 7.1-7
1)      ELECT OFFICERS
2)      DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT TO HAVE DEACONS
3)      OWNERSHIP OF OWN PROPERTY
4)      CALL ITS OWN PASTOR(S) UPON CONCURRENCE OF PRESBYT…
5)      WITHDRAW FROM EPC
6)      ELECT TRUSTEES
28.      Who calls a congregational meeting? 8.1A
SESSION; REQUEST OF 1/5 MEMBERS IN WRITING; PRESBYTERY
29.      How much notice shall be given? 8.1B
2 WEEKS
30.      What matter may be presented and handled? 8.1C
ONLY THOSE STATED IN THE CALL
31.      Ordinarily, who shall be the moderator of the meeting? 8.1D
PASTOR
32.      What quorum is necessary? 8.1E
IF 100, 1/10 MEMBERS, BUT NOT < 20.
33.      Who is eligible to vote? 8.1G
ACTIVE MEMBERS PRESENT AT MEETING, MODERATOR MAY NOT VOTE
34.      What happens if there is a tie vote? 8.1H
MODERATOR PUTS QUESTION 2ND TIME. IF STILL A TIE, IT IS DEFEATED.
35.      Who is responsible for church membership? 9.1
SESSION
36.      What rolls are to be kept? 9.1
1)      ACTIVE
2)      BAPTIZED
3)      AFFILIATE
4)      INACTIVE
37.      What are the three ways someone can join a church and be received into active membership? 9.2
1)      TRANSFER OF MEMBERSHIP
2)      PROFESSION OF FAITH
3)      REAFFIRMATION OF FAITH
38.      Who is responsible for writing letters of membership? 9.2A
SESSION
39.      What does the Session need to be satisfied of in regard to an application for membership? 9.2
FAITH, COMMITMENT AND INTENTION OF CONTINUED OBEDIENCE TO GOD
40.      On what grounds may the Session deny membership? 9.2
NOTHING OTHER THAN PROFESSION OF FAITH AND OBEDIENCE
41.      How often is the Session to review membership rolls? 9.8
YEARLY
42.      Who elects the officers of the church? 10.1
ACTIVE MEMBERS AT THE MEETING
43.      Who is to govern the church? 10.1
TEACHING AND RULING ELDERS
44.      What are the various callings of a Minister? 10.3
PASTOR, TEACHER, EVANGELIST, ADMINISTRATOR, CHAPLAIN, PASTOR EMERITUS
45.      What is the office of Ruling Elder established for? 10.4
OVERSIGHT OF THE CHURCH
46.      What is the first duty of a Ruling Elder? 10.4
TO REPRESENT THE MIND OF CHRIST
47.      Summarize the characteristics of a Ruling Elder’s life should exhibit? 10.5
BLAMELESS, SOUND FAITH, WISE, DISCREET
48.      Because a Ruling Elder is ordained to office, what should he do? 10.6
STUDY AND LEARN THE WORD OF GOD, BECOME EQUIPPED TO TEACH, LEAD WORSHIP AND LEAD PRAYER
49.      What is the first duty of a Deacon? 10.7
SYMPATHY AND SERVICE
50.      To whom is the Board of Deacons accountable? 10.7
SESSION
51.      What spiritual qualities would a Deacon exhibit? 10.8
EARNEST, WHOLEHEARTED FOLLOWERS OF CHRIST, STEADY, RELIABLE, WELL THOUGHT OF BY ALL, NOT NEW IN THE FAITH, TESTED FOR FAITHFULNESS
52.      What are the three points by which God’s calling of a person to an office is confirmed? 11.1
1)      INWARD CALL OF INDIVIDUAL
2)      CONFIRMING CALL OF PARTICULAR CHURCH
3)      APPROVAL BY APPROPRIATE COURT
53.      What must the call always be to? 11.4
A SPECIFIC TASK
54.      How is the Pastor and Associate pastor called to a church? 11.5F, 6, 1-9
SESSION CALLS CONG MTG TO ELECT SEARCH COMM; SEARCH COMM FINDS; SEEKS CONSENT OF MINISTERIAL COMM; SEARCH COMM NOTIFIES SESSION; CALL CONG MTG; COUNTED VOTE, MAJORITY REQUIRED, EXACT COUNT RECORDED AND NOTIFY PERSON OF; CONG APPOINTS REPS TO BRING TERMS OF CALL AT PRESBYTERY MTG; PRESBYTERY VOTES; PLACES CALL IN HANDS OF PERSON; PERSON ACCEPTS
ASSOC PASTOR’S CALL MUST STIPULATE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITIES
55.      Who calls an Assistant Pastor? 11.7
SESSION
56.      Who elects elders and deacons in a particular church? 11.14A
CONGREGATION
57.      Who determines how many officers there will be? 11.14B
CONGREGATION
58.      What is each person being ordained to office required to make? 12.1
COMMITMENTS IN TERMS OF FAITH AND ORDER AS WE ALL GIVE A GOOD TESTIMONY OF JESUS CHRIST
59.      What is important for the ordaining court to be assured of before ordaining? 13.1
COMPETENCY OF THE INDIVIDUAL
60.      What is the candidate for the ministry to be examined on? 13.2
THEOLOGY AND SACRAMENTS; ENGLISH BIBLE; BOOK OF ORDER AND REFORMED TRADITION, NATURE OF OFFICE OF MINISTER OF WORD
61.      What areas are an elder and deacon to be examined on? 13.8
PERSONAL EXPERIENCE OF SAVING GRACE, PROGRESS IN SPIRITUAL GROWTH; THE FAITH OF THE CHURCH; THE SACRAMENTS, THE GOVT OF THE CHURCH; THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH; UNDERSTANDING OF THE OFFICE TO BE SERVED
62.      Read the questions asked of those to be ordained to the office of Ruling Elder and Deacon in 14.1BE. Are you in agreement with theses? Do you have any questions?
63.      Who alone may dissolve the relationship between the Pastor and a church? 15.2
PRESBYTERY
64.      Who alone may dissolve the relationship between a Ruling Elder or Deacon with a congregation? 15.5
SESSION
65.      On what (6) conditions may a Ruling Elder or Deacon be released from office? 15.5
1)      WHEN PLACED ON INACTIVE ROLL
2)      WHEN MOVES MEMBERSHIP TO ANOTHER CONGR
3)      WHEN MEMBERSHIP IN OR JURISDICTION IS RENOUNCED
4)      WHEN ELECTED TO EMERITUS
5)      WHEN DIVESTED OF OFFICE BY DUE PROCESS OF BOOK OF DISCIPLINE
6)      WHEN ACTIVE RELATIONSHIP DISOLVED BY PRESBYTERY
66.      What is each organizational unit to do for the orderly process of review and control? 16.3
SUBMIT MINUTES TO THE UNIT ABOVE
67.      Who is to run the meetings of the court? 16.4A        
MODERATOR
68.      What is each meeting to be opened and closed with? 16.4A
PRAYER
69.      What has each court authority to do?
1)      (16.4B) BEAR WITNESS AGAINST ERROR OR DOCTRINE CONTARY TO XIAN FAITH
2)      (16.4C) ESTABLISH RULES FOR ITS GOVERNANCE
3)      (16.4D) DISCIPLINE ITSM MEMBERS OR UNDER ITS CHARGE
4)      (16.4E) ISSUE CALLS TO PERSONS TO SERVE IN ITS COURT, NOT TO EXCEED THREE YEARS
5)      (16.4F) ORGANIZE ITSELF AS IT DEEMS APPROPRIATE
70.      What do the following organizational units have jurisdiction over? 16.5
1)      Board of Deacons – WHATEVER THE SESSION ASSIGNS
2)      Session – THE WORSHIP AND MINISTRY OF A PARTC. CHURCH
3)      Presbytery – THE WORSHIP AND MINSTRY OF GROUP OF CHURCHES
4)      General Assembly – WORSHIP AND MINISTRY OF ALL EPC CHURCHES
71.      What is each act of each court regarded as being? 16.6
THE ACT OF THE WHOLE CHURCH
72.      What do the ordinary duties of the Board of Deacons include? 16.7A
1)      OVERSEE MINISTRY OF COMPASSION
2)      SERVE AS USHERS, RECEIVE OFFERINGS, ASSIST IN PREPARING THE FACILITIES FOR USE
3)      STEWARDSHIP DEVELOPMENT; PROPERTY MAINTENANCE; DISBURSEMENT OF FUNDS
73.      What officers are to be elected for the Board of Deacons? 16.7C
MODERTOR; RECORDING CLERK
74.      Is the Treasurer required to be ordained to office? 16.7D
NO
75.      What is the Treasurer required to do? 16.7D
HANDLE FINANCIAL MATTERS; REPORT TO APPOINTING BODY AT STATED MEETINGS
76.      What does the church Session have under its oversight and supervision? 16.8
ENTIRE LIFE OF PARTIC CONGREG
77.      Who is normally the moderator of the Session? 16.9
PASTOR
78.      Who else is to be elected by the Session? 16.9
CLERK
79.      What do the duties of the Session include? 16.9
MONITOR SPIRITUAL CONDUCT OF MEMBERS AND TAKE ACTION AS NECESSARY; INITIATE EVANGELISM; REMIND PARENTS TO BAPTIZE ; RECEIVE MEMBERS; KEEP ROLLS; DETERMINE BUDGET; OVERSEE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM; OVERSEE WORSHIP; ORDER SPEC DAYS OF WORSHIP AND FASTING
80.      Who is to sign the minutes? 16.13
CLERK AND MODERATOR
81.      Who appoints commissioners to Presbytery and General Assembly? 16.14, 16-20
SESSION
82.      What is Presbytery composed of and at what ratio? 16.14
ALL MINISTERS OF PRESBYTERY AND AT LEAST TWO RULING ELDERS ELECTED BY SESSION
83.      Who are the officers of Presbytery? 16.15
MODERATOR; STATED CLERK
84.      What do the duties of the Presbytery include? 16.16
EXAMINE MINISTERS AND CANDIDATES; RECEIVE AND DISMISS THEM; RETEIRE OR PLACE ON INACTIVE STATUS; ORDAIN AND INSTALL; DISSOLVE PASTORAL RELSHIPS; APPROVE CALLS; GRANT PERMISSION TO LABOR OUT OF BOUNDS; DECIDE JUDICIAL CASES; ESTABLISH, RECEIVE, DISMISS CHURCHES; ENCOURAGE EVANGELISM AS PRIORITY 1
85.      What is the General Assembly composed of? 16.20
ALL COURTS AND PARTIC CHURCHES OF EPC
86.      Who are the officers of the General Assembly? 16.21
MODERATOR; STATED CLERK
87.      What are the duties of the General Assembly? 16.22
88.      What is the difference between a committee and a commission?
1)      Committee (16.26A) – APPOINTED BY A COURT TO STUDY A MATTER AND MAKE RECOMMENDATION TO
2)      Commission (16.26B) – ACTS FOR THE APPOINTING COURT
89.      What are the two kinds of commissions? 16.26B
JUDICIAL – DECIDES DISCIPLINE CASES;
ADMINISTRATIVE – ORDAINS AND INSTALLS; ORGANIZES, DISSOLVES, DISMISSES, RECEIVES CHURCHES; VISITS CHURCHES W/ PROBLEMS
90.      What is the Permanent Committee and what is the Permanent Commission? What do they oversee?
1)      Permanent committee (16.27A) – MINISTERIAL COMM
2)      Permanent commission (16.27B) – PERMANENT JUDICIAL COMM
91.      May the Book of Order, Confession of Faith or Catechisms be amended? 17.2-3
YES
92.      How may they be amended? 17.2-3
BOO – APPROVAL OF ASSEMBLY; SENT TO PRESYBTERIES; ¾ VOTE IN FAVOR; RATIFIED AT SUBSEQUENT GA; IF BY SECOND GA NOT ENOUGH HAVE VOTED IT LOSES
WESTMINSTERS – APPROVAL OF ASSEMBLY; SENT TO PRESBYS; ¾ VOTE IN FAVOR; IF BY SECOND ASSEMBLY NOT ENOUGH HAVE VOTED IT LOSES
93.      What rights are held continually by Christians? 17.5
1)      CHURCH MAY MAKE NO LAWS TO BIND CONSCIENCE WITH RESPECT TO INTERP OF SCRIP
2)      MAY MAKE NO LAWS TO INFRINGE ON RIGH OF PARTIC CHURCH TO ELECT OWN OFFICERS
II. THE BOOK OF DISCIPLINE
94.      What is discipline? 1.1
EXERCISE OF AUTHORITY GIVEN THE CHURCH BY THE LORD TO INSTRUCT AND GUIDE ITS MEMBERS AND TO PROMOTE PURITY AND WELFARE
95.      What are the two senses of discipline? 1.1
1)      REFERRING TO WHOLE GOVT, INSPECTION, TRAINING, GUARDIANSHIP AND CONTROL CHURCH MAINTAINS OVER ITS MEMBERS, OFFICERS, AND COURTS
2)      MORE RESTRICTED – ECCLESIASTICAL JUDICIAL PROCEDURES
96.      Who is subject to discipline of the church? 1.4
ACTIVE AND INACTIVE MEMBERS, CONFIRMED, BAPTIZED AND AFILIATE
97.      In its proper usage, what three things does discipline do? 1.3
1)      TO MAINTAIN THE HONOR OF GOD
2)      TO RESTORE THE SINNER
3)      TO REMOVE THE OFFENSE FROM THE CHURCH
98.      What are the purposes and goals of discipline? 1.3
99.      For what is the power given by Christ to the church? 1.4
100.   How is discipline to be exercised? 1.4
GENTLY  – GAL 6.1
101.   What is the basis for all discipline? 1.5
SCRIPTURAL LAW
102.   What is an offense? 4.1
HERESY; IMMORALITY; CONTEMPT
103.   What are the four kinds of censure? 10.3-6
1)      ADMONITION
2)      SUSPENSION
3)      EXCOM
4)      DEPOSITION OR REMOVAL FROM OFFICE
104.   What is admonition? 10.3
FORMAL WARNING
105.   What is suspension? 10.4
TEMPORARY EXCLUSION FROM SACRAMENTS AND/OR ACTIVITIES
106.   What is excommunication? 10.6
REMOVAL FROM MEMGERSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP
107.   What is deposition? 10.5
REMOVAL FROM OFFICE W/O EXCOMM
108.   Who has jurisdiction in regards to a minister? 3.2B
PRESBYTERY
109.   Who has jurisdiction in regards to church members?  3.2A
SESSION
110.   In what ways may the proceedings of a lower court come under the supervision of a higher court?
1)      APPEAL
2)      COMPLAINT
3)       DISSENT
4)      PROTEST
111.   What is General Review and Control? 14.1
112.   What is a reference? 15.1
113.   What is an appeal? 16.1
114.   What is a complaint? 17.1
III. THE BOOK OF WORSHIP
115.   What is the primary purpose of man? 1.1
TO GLORIFY GOD AND ENJOY HIM FOREVER
116.   In what three areas are Christians to worship God? 1.1
1)      PRIVATELY
2)      IN FAMILIES
3)      CHURCH
117.   To do what is especially incumbent on Christians? 1.2
TO WORSHIP
118.   What is the natural consequence of worship? 1.3
TO SERVE
119.   Who has established the acceptable way to worship God? 2.1
GOD
120.   Where has God made this known? 2.1
IN HIS WORD
121.   Who alone is to receive worship? 2.1
GOD
122.   When is it appropriate for us to worship corporately? 2.2
SUNDAY, THE XIAN SABBAATH
123.   Where are we to worship God? 2.2A
PLACES SET APART FOR WORSHIP
124.   What should every Christian do to be ready to worship God? 2.3
PREPARE HEARTS; TAKE CARE OF DAILY AFFAIRS BEFOREHAND;
125.   From what have the people of God been set free? 2.4
FROM ALL FORMS OF BONDAGE TO RIGID RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR WORSHIP
126.   What does this mean for EPC churches? 2.4
NO PARTIC CHURCH IS REQUIRED TO FOLLOW ANY PREDETERMINED OR RIGID FORM
127.   Who has the responsibility for the worship service? 2.4A
PASTOR
128.   What should all who come to worship do? 2.4B
ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE
129.   What should worship always include? 2.5
READING OF SCRIPTURE
130.   Why is reading Scripture essential to worship? 2.5B
IT REVEALS CHRIST
131.   What is the next essential element of worship? 2.6
PREACHING OF THE WORD
132.   Who is to invite someone to preach? 2.6D
SESSION
133.   What is another indispensable part of worship? 2.7
MUSIC
134.   How should this be done? 2.7
WITH GRACE IN THE HEART, CORPORATELY
135.   What duty does the minister ordinarily have? 2.8
LEAD IN PRAYER
136.   While the minister is praying, what should the congregation be doing? 2.8B
PRAY SILENTLY
137.   How are the people to acknowledge and express that God is Giver of all good gifts? 2.9
SAY AMEN
138.   In what three ways should giving find expression?
1)      (2.9A, 7.4A) OFFERING OF SELF
2)      2.9B, 7.4B) OFFERING OF TITHES AND GIFTS
3)      2.9B, 7.4B) OFFERING OF SERVICE TO OTHERS
139.   Who may order special times of worship? 4.1
SESSION
140.   What kinds of days are appropriate for worship?
1)      (4.2) DAYS OF PRAYER AND FASTING
2)      (4.3) DAYS OF THANKSGIVING
141.   What is incumbent upon each Christian to practice? 4.4
INDIVIDUAL WORSHIP
142.   What should this include? 4.4
PRAYER, READING SCRIPT; PERSONAL EXAMINATION; MEDITATION
143.   What should each family do? 4.5
WORSHIP TOGETHER REGULARLY
144.   Is marriage a sacrament? 5.1
NO
145.   Is remarriage permissible? 5.4
YES
146.   What is to be recorded in the minutes of the Session? 5.5
MARRIAGES
147.   Who has responsibility for the marriage ceremony? 5.6
PASTOR
148.   What is to be the focus of the burial service? 6.1
WITNESS TO THE FAITH OF THE BELIEVERS; TO THEIR CONFIDENCE IN THE RESURRECTION OF THE BODY AND EVERLASTING LIFE
149.   Who has the responsibility for the burial service? 6.3
PASTOR
150.   How may the bodies of the deceased be disposed of? 6.4
BURIAL, CREMATION, DONATION TO SCIENCE
151.   What is the first duty of Christians? 7.1
TO GIVE GLORY TO GOD FOR SALVATION
152.   What is the fruit of the Gospel? 7.1
SERVICE
153.   What is the first task of the Church? 7.2
EVANGELISM
154.   Because of this, what should each court do? 7.2
ENCOURAGE IT
155.   What is the next duty of Christians and the Church? 7.3
TEACHING/DISCIPLESHIP
156.   What is the obligation of the Session in this regard? 7.3B
TO OFFER A PROGRAM OF EDUC AND NURTURE
157.   What is the difference between a tithe and a gift? 7.4B
TITHE IS MINUMUM REQUIREMENT; GIFT IS OVER AND ABOVE TITHE
158.   What should each individual seek? 7.4C1
OPPORTUNITY TO SERVE
159.   What is each church Session to do in regard to showing God’s love? 7.4C2
JUDGE HOW BEST TO EXEMPLIFY LOVE TO ITS PARTICULAR COMMUNITY AND SITUATION
160.   What is the church Session to do in regard to the service of compassion? 7.5
ESTABLISHING MINISTRIES OF COMPASSION W/IN THE CHURCH AND OUTSIDE

Click the Label at the bottom of this post to see all EPC Ordination Exam Study Guides.

Tim Keller on the Resurrection

Author and pastor Tim Keller on why Christ’s Resurrection is more than just a story.

In the decades before and after Jesus’ life and death, there were dozens of messianic movements in Israel. In almost every case the messianic leader was killed, in many cases by execution, and after the leader’s death each of these movements invariably collapsed. Everybody went home, and that was it. Of all those dozens of movements, only one did not collapse after the death of the leader. Not only did it not collapse, it exploded: In the course of about 300 years it had spread through the entire Roman empire.

Out of all those messianic movements, what made the Christian faith different?
Christians would say it is because of what happened after the leader of this movement was killed. So what did happen to cause explosive growth in Christianity after its founder’s death?

Toward a Biblical Understanding of Hell

Following are the thoughts of two living Reformed writers and pastors, Ligon Duncan and John Piper, on the subject of Hell:

How Should Preachers Preach on Hell? Dr. Ligon Duncan asks:

So how do you address these difficult truths? How does the reality of hell and endless punishment make a difference in your preaching? How do you tackle them in a responsible and appropriate way? What do you need to avoid when treating them? How should we preach hell and eternal punishment (if at all)?
–Excellent insight here.

Dr. John Piper, in an article entitled “How Willingly Do People Go to Hell? Does Anyone Standing by the Lake of Fire Jump In?” writes:

C.S. Lewis is one of the top 5 dead people who have shaped the way I see and respond to the world. But he is not a reliable guide on a number of important theological matters. Hell is one of them. His stress is relentlessly that people are not “sent” to hell but become their own hell. His emphasis is that we should think of “a bad man’s perdition not as a sentence imposed on him but as the mere fact of being what he is.” (For all the relevant quotes, see Martindale and Root, The Quotable Lewis, 288-295.)

This inclines him to say, “All that are in hell choose it.” And this leads some who follow Lewis in this emphasis to say things like, “All God does in the end with people is give them what they most want.”

I come from the words of Jesus to this way of talking and find myself in a different world of discourse and sentiment. I think it is misleading to say that hell is giving people what they most want. I’m not saying you can’t find a meaning for that statement that’s true, perhaps in Romans 1:24-28. I’m saying that it’s not a meaning that most people would give to it in light of what hell really is. I’m saying that the way Lewis deals with hell and the way Jesus deals with it are very different. And we would do well to follow Jesus.

The misery of hell will be so great that no one will want to be there. They will be weeping and gnashing their teeth (Matthew 8:12). Between their sobs, they will not speak the words, “I want this.” They will not be able to say amid the flames of the lake of fire (Revelation 20:14), “I want this.” “The smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night” (Revelation 14:11). No one wants this.

When there are only two choices, and you choose against one, it does not mean that you want the other, if you are ignorant of the outcome of both. Unbelieving people know neither God nor hell. This ignorance is not innocent. Apart from regenerating grace, all people “suppress the truth in unrighteousness” (Rom 1:18).

The person who rejects God does not know the real horrors of hell. This may be because he does not believe hell exists, or it may be because he convinces himself that it would be tolerably preferable to heaven.

But whatever he believes or does not believe, when he chooses against God, he is wrong about God and about hell. He is not, at that point, preferring the real hell over the real God. He is blind to both. He does not perceive the true glories of God, and he does not perceive the true horrors of hell.

 So when a person chooses against God and, therefore, de facto chooses hell—or when he jokes about preferring hell with his friends over heaven with boring religious people—he does not know what he is doing. What he rejects is not the real heaven (nobody will be boring in heaven), and what he “wants” is not the real hell, but the tolerable hell of his imagination.

 When he dies, he will be shocked beyond words. The miseries are so great he would do anything in his power to escape. That it is not in his power to repent does not mean he wants to be there. Esau wept bitterly that he could not repent (Hebrew 12:17). The hell he was entering into he found to be totally miserable, and he wanted out. The meaning of hell is the scream: “I hate this, and I want out.”

What sinners want is not hell but sin. That hell is the inevitable consequence of unforgiven sin does not make the consequence desirable. It is not what people want—certainly not what they “most want.” Wanting sin is no more equal to wanting hell than wanting chocolate is equal to wanting obesity. Or wanting cigarettes is equal to wanting cancer.

 Beneath this misleading emphasis on hell being what people “most want” is the notion that God does not “send” people to hell. But this is simply unbiblical. God certainly does send people to hell. He does pass sentence, and he executes it. Indeed, worse than that. God does not just “send,” he “throws.” “If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown (Greek eblethe) into the lake of fire” (Revelation 20:15; cf. Mark 9:47; Matthew 13:42; 25:30).

The reason the Bible speaks of people being “thrown” into hell is that no one will willingly go there, once they see what it really is. No one standing on the shore of the lake of fire jumps in. They do not choose it, and they will not want it. They have chosen sin. They have wanted sin. They do not want the punishment. When they come to the shore of this fiery lake, they must be thrown in.

When someone says that no one is in hell who doesn’t want to be there, they give the false impression that hell is within the limits of what humans can tolerate. It inevitably gives the impression that hell is less horrible than Jesus says it is.

We should ask: How did Jesus expect his audience to think and feel about the way he spoke of hell? The words he chose were not chosen to soften the horror by being accommodating to cultural sensibilities. He spoke of a “fiery furnace” (Matthew 13:42), and “weeping and gnashing teeth” (Luke 13:28), and “outer darkness” (Matthew 25:30), and “their worm [that] does not die” (Mark 9:48), and “eternal punishment” (Matthew 25:46), and “unquenchable fire” (Mark 9:43), and being “cut in pieces” (Matthew 24:51).

These words are chosen to portray hell as an eternal, conscious experience that no one would or could ever “want” if they knew what they were choosing. Therefore, if someone is going to emphasize that people freely “choose” hell, or that no one is there who doesn’t “want” to be there, surely he should make every effort to clarify that, when they get there, they will not want this.

Surely the pattern of Jesus—who used blazing words to blast the hell-bent blindness out of everyone— should be followed. Surely, we will grope for words that show no one, no one, no one will want to be in hell when they experience what it really is. Surely everyone who desires to save people from hell will not mainly stress that it is “wantable” or “chooseable,” but that it is horrible beyond description—weeping, gnashing teeth, darkness, worm-eaten, fiery, furnace-like, dismembering, eternal, punishment, “an abhorrence to all flesh” (Isaiah 66:24).

I thank God, as a hell-deserving sinner, for Jesus Christ my Savior, who became a curse for me and suffered hellish pain that he might deliver me from the wrath to come. While there is time, he will do that for anyone who turns from sin and treasures him and his work above all.

Trembling before such realities, and trusting Jesus,

Pastor John Piper

Ecclesiastes: A Realistic but Hopeful View of Life

I’ve been re-reading a number of the wisdom passages of the Bible (Proverbs, Psalms 1 and 119, Ecclesiastes) in recent months as I seek the Lord for His next career-related step in my life. I’ve found Ecclesiastes somewhat confusing until recently.

On previous readings, it seemed the author of Ecclesiastes was overly cynical in his assessment of the human condition. However, on yesterday’s reading, it occurred to me the author is simply reflecting a very realistic view of life based on his own wide experience with it. Perhaps my own advancing age and experience has better helped me to understand what the author is saying. Following is a brief summary of what I believe the author is trying to communicate.

  • Life, if pursued for its own sake only, is meaningless.
  • However, life, in spite of its apparent meaninglessness at times, can be pursued purposefully and hopefully, if:
    • we believe God knows and is in control of the many aspects of life we cannot understand or control;
    • we receive with gratitude the simple pleasures God has given us (eating, drinking, friendship); and,
    • we respect, honor and love God and obey his commandments knowing he will judge everything we do, both good and bad.  

Notice that God is referenced in each of the three final subpoints above. Ecclesiastes tells us that in order to find meaning for our lives, we must relate every aspect of life to the God who created us and the world in which we live. Not doing so leaves us feeling disillusioned, out of control and ungrateful in this world and morally defenseless in the world to come. Doing so, however, causes us to live hopefully, trusting in God’s knowledge, control, goodness and justice in this world and the world to come.

An Art-Full Church

Click the link below for an excellent article on the relationship between the arts and the church by Luann Jennings, director of Church and Art Network and former director of Arts Ministries at Redeemer Presbyterian  (Pastor Tim Keller) in Manhattan, NY.

An Art-Full Church

International Arts Movement (IAM): Makoto Fujimura

Makoto Fujimura is an artist, writer, and speaker who is recognized worldwide as a cultural influencer by both faith-based and secular media. A Presidential appointee to the National Council on the Arts (2003-2009), Fujimura has contributed internationally as an advocate for the arts, speaking with decision makers and advising governmental policies on the arts. Fujimura’s work is exhibited at galleries around the world….

Vision of IAM
The world is not as it ought to be. We long for meaningful existence and involvement in our culture – to be part of a story greater than ourselves. But too often our reality is a broken and fragmented story in which dignity and value are stripped from humanity.

Art, as a universal language, can begin to address this dehumanization. The world needs artists and visionaries to lead the way in seeing beyond the trivial to the transcendent, bringing synthesis to fragmentation and hope to despair.

International Arts Movement is a non-profit 501(c)(3) arts organization acting as a catalyst to inspire people to engage culture’s spheres of influence. IAM presents lectures, performances, exhibitions, screenings, projects, and workshops. Our programming and resources equip the creative community to generate good, true, and beautiful cultural artifacts: sign-posts pointing toward the “world that ought to be.” Through understanding the culture that is and looking toward what could be, we hope to rehumanize our world.

We are guided by the belief that the Judeo-Christian story of creation and restoration is a narrative in which all humanity participates and is the foundation by which we flourish. We look to these scriptures as our framework for wrestling with the questions “why art?” and “what does it mean to truly be human?” (Bolding mine, DLS)

Mission
IAM gathers artists and creative catalysts to wrestle with the deep questions of art, faith, and humanity in order to inspire the creative community to engage the culture that is and create the world that “ought to be.”

Values
We value an approach to life and work that is Rehumanizing, Aspirational, Enterprising, and Generous, which fosters an environment for Wrestling with the deep questions of art, faith and humanity.

See more about I AM: http://www.internationalartsmovement.org/.

See also  Artsy’s Makoto Fujimura page.

by Daniel L. Sonnenberg, Wilmington, NC

7 Reasons Why the Church Needs Artists | TonyMorganLive.com

Faith and the Arts

Faith and the Arts is an online platform dedicated to exploring the relationship between artistic practice, creativity and religious beliefs.

Faith and the Arts

Links | Art and Christianity Enquiry

Art and Christianity Enquiry (ACE)

ACE claims to be

…”the leading UK organisation in the field of visual art and religion. ACE offers stimulating educational projects and publications, advice, information and skills.”

See more on: Art and Christianity Enquiry (ACE)

The Church & The Arts

by Robert Cooper

THE FOLLOWING PAPER WAS GIVEN AS PART OF A WORKSHOP AT THE 1998 NATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR LICENSED READERS IN THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

Excerpt:

If your ministry is one of leading worship and teaching, you cannot afford to ignore the arts. For one thing, you would discount the experience of all the people who find creative activities valuable. For another, you would end up with a lop-sided theology in which words and concepts are given excessive value. As Neil Smith of the Community of Christ the King has written; “The arts are about revelation and are therefore a profound pathway to engagement with spiritual truth”.

This paper gives some pointers towards the practical importance of creative activities. It then offers some reflection on the theological significance of the arts.

Read more. The Church and the Arts

Makoto Fujimura | Writings on Art and Faith

See Christian visual artist Makoto Fujimura’s Writings on Art and Faith.

Arts: Making Church Artist-Friendly – Christianity Today magazine – ChristianityTodayLibrary.com

“Many times the church is blessed with creative people but doesn’t have the right perspective to empower them,” Fujimura says. I AM attempts to fill the gap. Artists meet together in cell groups to support, mentor, and disciple one another.

I AM also hosts events where Christianity can be explored through artistic expression. Says Fujimura, “If you’re called to be an artist, you’re called to be in the world but not of it. Therefore, you need accountability, you need prayer, you need groups that understand your creative side.”

Read the entire article…

Arts: Making Church Artist-Friendly – Christianity Today magazine – ChristianityTodayLibrary.com

The Church and Postmodern Culture Conversation: Art and The Postmodern Church

by Daniel A. Siedell

As I was going about my business in New York and since my return home, I still believe the emerging church or the emergent movement is, to my mind, the only place that art and the aesthetic can be discussed and debated in an open manner. However, it will remain just that: discussion and debate unless it is accompanied by the sustenance of a robust sacramental and liturgical life. To put it crassly, the difficult, radical, and problematic discussions about art and the aesthetic have to take place at places like the PCA Village Church but for it to have any long-term impact, it has to be nourished by places like the Anglo-Catholic St. Thomas Episcopal Church. It is spanning the space between these two churches that is the challenge. (italics, bolding and links mine, DLS).

Let me state it the following way: the liturgical and sacramental richness of the ancient faith makes it possible to worship God everywhere. We don’t think in those terms, as influenced as we are by our non-sacramental, non-liturgical, rationalism that shapes our Christian lives. But this belief saturates the Scriptures themselves, which is often overlooked by high churchers as well as the low. We have to reconsider the fact that we can only utter such praises as Psalm 24 (“the earth is the Lord’s and all that is in it”) and Solomon’s temple dedication (1 Kings 8: 27) in which he testifies to the fact that nothing made with human hands can contain God, if we also recognize that God indeed wants us to worship in specific ways, in specific places. We are too quick to quote Jesus’s statement to the Samaritan woman (John 4: 21-24) that God is worshipped only in “spirit and in truth” that we forget that Jesus can say this only after he has told her that she must worship in Jerusalem—that the Samaritans do indeed worship in ignorance. Solomon can praise God that he can’t be defined by a building only after he has built the Temple. We can look forward to the New Jerusalem when there will be no need for the Sun because the Lord’s uncreated light will shine on us only when we follow Asaph and exclaim that we only know the truth of the world when we “enter the sanctuary of God” (Psalm 73).

How can we see Christ everywhere, as Alexander Schmemann once wrote, when we don’t first recognize that we see Christ in a special way via icons, and receive him in a special way through the Eucharist, and meet him in a special way at church? The “everywhere” has meaning ultimately when there is a “somewhere.” Our tendency is to embrace the “everywhere” without first respecting and assimilating the “somewhere.” The Village Church is “everywhere” and St. Thomas is “somewhere.” The former (The Village Church) needs to recognize that God has indeed sacramentally and liturgically given specific ways to worship, ways that have been preserved by the Living Tradition of the Nicene Church. But the latter (St. Thomas) needs to recognize that the “somewhere” does not limit where we see Christ, or, in the context of the visual arts, how we make art, but actually serves as the engine that pushes us out into the world, which, of course, is what the “Mass” actually means: a recognition of the sacred space and at the same time an emphasis in the “going out.” We are “sent out” but we are “sent out” from somewhere specific.

The art fairs are wonderful social occasions; they are the “everywhere” of curatorial work. The galleries and artist studios are the “somewhere” of curatorial work. But I cannot have the former without remaining committed to the latter. In fact, the art fairs are only productive if the foundation of traditional ways of viewing art remain. The problem is that the art fair isn’t really about art, it’s about social relationships that “art” generates.

My concluding impression of the Village Church and what I can extrapolate from other emerging churches and fellowships involved in one way or another in the emergent movement, is that they are filled with terrific people who love and want to follow Jesus, people with whom I want to spend an hour at the local coffee house or pub talking theology, art, politics.

But it’s not church. It needs the sacramental and liturgical specificity of the Nicene church, in all its dogmatic, aesthetic richness in order to meet God. My concern is that the emergent movement cultivates strong social situations occasioned by “God.” I enjoy the Village Church as a meeting of followers of Jesus and brothers and sisters in Christ, but only after I worship at St. Thomas.

Just as I worry that curatorial work will, over time, become more superficial and “socially based” through the influence of the art fairs, I worry that over time, the emergent movement will likewise remain shallow, not become “deep” as Jason Clark aptly observes, because of its focus on the social.

The dialogue about the aesthetic and the visual arts must start in the postmodern church, but to have a deep impact, it will have to be sustained by the work of the premodern church, the Nicene Church, the one Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church, not only as a spiritual, but earthly reality.

Read the entire article: the church and postmodern culture: conversation: Art and The Postmodern Church

Reaching Artists: Artists’ Concerns and Issues They Care About

Reaching out to artists with the Gospel includes knowing their particular concerns and issues they face. Following is a partial list to consider and study. Each has one or more links to an article.

Finances: Insurance and Legal

The Environment

Creative Rights

Stamina and Vocal Issues

Toxic Art-Making Materials

Exhibiting Their Work

Economic Recession

Health and Safety

Health Care:

Hipster Christianity

Rev. Dr. Ken Priddy brought a new trend (or heresy?) to our attention at a recent Presbytery meeting. Check it out at http://www.hipsterchristianity.com/. Ken suggested that perhaps “cool” is the new idol. Read a complete chapter from a book analyzing this trend entitled Hipster Christianity: When Church and Cool Collide by clicking here http://www.hipsterchristianity.com/freeChapter/freeChapter.pdf.

Read more from Ken Priddy at http://kenpriddy.blogspot.com/

Notes from "Confessions of a Short-Sighted Presbyter" by Nate Atwood

Address by Rev. Nate Atwood, Kempsville EPC, Virginia Beach, VA, at a recent EPC General Assembly and reiterated at a recent Presbytery.

Learning from one another – recent lessons learned from others at Presbytery meetings and conclusions drawn

  • lesson 1- we gotta take risks
  • lesson 2 – if we only fix what’s inside the church we’ll never reach the world
  • lesson 3 – tongues is a sign for unbelievers, worship communication includes intentionally speaking to non-believers as well as believers
  • conclusions – to learn from one another we must be together; we must keep multiplying churches to more easily be together; peer learning is the best learning

Psalms to Memorize

by Daniel L. Sonnenberg, 2003.

Psalm 1

Blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked or stand in the way of sinners or sit in the seat of mockers.  But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. He is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither. Whatever he does prospers.  Not so the wicked! They are like chaff that the wind blows away.  Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous.  For the LORD watches over the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

Psalm 8

O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! You have set your glory above the heavens.  From the lips of children and infants you have ordained praise because of your enemies, to silence the foe and the avenger.  When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place,  what is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him?  You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings and crowned him with glory and honor.  You made him ruler over the works of your hands; you put everything under his feet:  all flocks and herds, and the beasts of the field,  the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea, all that swim the paths of the seas.  O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth!

Psalm 23

The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not be in want.  He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters,  he restores my soul. He guides me in paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.  Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.  You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.  Surely goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.

Psalm 100

Shout for joy to the LORD, all the earth.  Worship the LORD with gladness; come before him with joyful songs.  Know that the LORD is God. It is he who made us, and we are his; we are his people, the sheep of his pasture.  Enter his gates with thanksgiving and his courts with praise; give thanks to him and praise his name.  For the LORD is good and his love endures forever; his faithfulness continues through all generations.

Psalm 121

I lift up my eyes to the hills– where does my help come from?  My help comes from the LORD, the Maker of heaven and earth.  He will not let your foot slip– he who watches over you will not slumber;  indeed, he who watches over Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.  The LORD watches over you– the LORD is your shade at your right hand;  the sun will not harm you by day, nor the moon by night.  The LORD will keep you from all harm– he will watch over your life;  the LORD will watch over your coming and going both now and forevermore.

Psalm 130

Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD;  O Lord, hear my voice. Let your ears be attentive to my cry for mercy.  If you, O LORD, kept a record of sins, O Lord, who could stand?  But with you there is forgiveness; therefore you are feared.  I wait for the LORD, my soul waits, and in his word I put my hope.  My soul waits for the Lord more than watchmen wait for the morning, more than watchmen wait for the morning.  O Israel, put your hope in the LORD, for with the LORD is unfailing love and with him is full redemption.  He himself will redeem Israel from all their sins.

Originally assembled for Hughes Oliphant Old’s course “Leading in Prayer,” Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando, February 2003. 

Psalms by Subject

By Daniel L. Sonnenberg, 2003.

Psalms of Lamentation:

• 130 – Out of the depths

• 102 – Hear my prayer, O Lord; let my cry for help come to you

             o more appropriate than Ps 51 for public prayer

• 42 – Why are you so downcast, O my soul?

• 22 – Jesus on the cross

Psalms of Ordeal

• Psalm 26 – vindicate me O Lord, for I have led a blameless life

Psalms of Thanksgiving – votive

• 107 – Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; his love endures forever

            o National thxgiving; recurring theme: I was in trouble, I cried to the Lord, he    answered me; now I’m here giving him thanks

• 116 – v9 – confession of the obligation – “that I may walk before the Lord”

Psalms of Thanksgiving – festal

• 24 – who may ascend the hill of the Lord?…lift up your heads O you gates

• 46 – God is our refuge and strength

• 47 – Clap your hands

• 48 – Great is the Lord

• 84 – How lovely is your dwelling place

Fast Day Psalms

• 120 – invocation for fast day

• 46 – processional for fast day

• all the lamentation psalms

• particularly 79, 80, 81

Sabbath Psalms

• 93-100

Passover Psalms

• 113-118

Royal Psalms

• 2, 72, 110

Daily Morning Psalms

• 145-150

Wisdom Psalms

• 1, 19, 34, 111-112, 119

________________________
Originally assembled for Hughes Oliphant Old’s course “Leading in Prayer,” Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando, February 2003. 

Prayers in Scripture

By Daniel L. Sonnenberg, 2003.

OLD TESTMENT

Hannah’s sorrowful vow to the Lord in exchange for a son

1 Samuel 1:11 And she made a vow, saying, “O LORD Almighty, if you will only look upon your servant’s misery and remember me, and not forget your servant but give her a son, then I will give him to the LORD for all the days of his life, and no razor will ever be used on his head.”

Hannah’s votive prayer of thanksgiving; may have been a standard form that Hannah used, not unique to her; seems not to exactly fit here situation (similar to  Mary’s Magnificat)


1 Samuel 2:1 Then Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; in the LORD my horn is lifted high. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. 2 “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. 3 “Do not keep talking so proudly or let your mouth speak such arrogance, for the LORD is a God who knows, and by him deeds are weighed. 4 “The bows of the warriors are broken, but those who stumbled are armed with strength. 5 Those who were full hire themselves out for food, but those who were hungry hunger no more. She who was barren has borne seven children, but she who has had many sons pines away. 6 “The LORD brings death and makes alive; he brings down to the grave and raises up. 7 The LORD sends poverty and wealth; he humbles and he exalts. 8 He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap; he seats them with princes and has them inherit a throne of honor. “For the foundations of the earth are the LORD’s; upon them he has set the world. 9 He will guard the feet of his saints, but the wicked will be silenced in darkness. “It is not by strength that one prevails; 10 those who oppose the LORD will be shattered. He will thunder against them from heaven; the LORD will judge the ends of the earth. “He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.”

Solomon’s prayer of dedication and prayers of the temple

1 Kings 8:22-53 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in front of the whole assembly of Israel, spread out his hands toward heaven 23 and said: “O LORD, God of Israel, there is no God like you in heaven above or on earth below– you who keep your covenant of love with your servants who continue wholeheartedly in your way. 24 You have kept your promise to your servant David my father; with your mouth you have promised and with your hand you have fulfilled it– as it is today. 25 “Now LORD, God of Israel, keep for your servant David my father the promises you made to him when you said, ‘You shall never fail to have a man to sit before me on the throne of Israel, if only your sons are careful in all they do to walk before me as you have done.’ 26 And now, O God of Israel, let your word that you promised your servant David my father come true. 27 “But will God really dwell on earth? The heavens, even the highest heaven, cannot contain you. How much less this temple I have built! 28 Yet give attention to your servant’s prayer and his plea for mercy, O LORD my God. Hear the cry and the prayer that your servant is praying in your presence this day. 29 May your eyes be open toward this temple night and day, this place of which you said, ‘My Name shall be there,’ so that you will hear the prayer your servant prays toward this place. 30 Hear the supplication of your servant and of your people Israel when they pray toward this place. Hear from heaven, your dwelling place, and when you hear, forgive. 31 “When a man wrongs his neighbor and is required to take an oath and he comes and swears the oath before your altar in this temple, 32 then hear from heaven and act. Judge between your servants, condemning the guilty and bringing down on his own head what he has done. Declare the innocent not guilty, and so establish his innocence. 33 “When your people Israel have been defeated by an enemy because they have sinned against you, and when they turn back to you and confess your name, praying and making supplication to you in this temple, 34 then hear from heaven and forgive the sin of your people Israel and bring them back to the land you gave to their fathers. 35 “When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because your people have sinned against you, and when they pray toward this place and confess your name and turn from their sin because you have afflicted them, 36 then hear from heaven and forgive the sin of your servants, your people Israel. Teach them the right way to live, and send rain on the land you gave your people for an inheritance. 37 “When famine or plague comes to the land, or blight or mildew, locusts or grasshoppers, or when an enemy besieges them in any of their cities, whatever disaster or disease may come, 38 and when a prayer or plea is made by any of your people Israel– each one aware of the afflictions of his own heart, and spreading out his hands toward this temple– 39 then hear from heaven, your dwelling place. Forgive and act; deal with each man according to all he does, since you know his heart (for you alone know the hearts of all men), 40 so that they will fear you all the time they live in the land you gave our fathers. 41 “As for the foreigner who does not belong to your people Israel but has come from a distant land because of your name– 42 for men will hear of your great name and your mighty hand and your outstretched arm– when he comes and prays toward this temple, 43 then hear from heaven, your dwelling place, and do whatever the foreigner asks of you, so that all the peoples of the earth may know your name and fear you, as do your own people Israel, and may know that this house I have built bears your Name. 44 “When your people go to war against their enemies, wherever you send them, and when they pray to the LORD toward the city you have chosen and the temple I have built for your Name, 45 then hear from heaven their prayer and their plea, and uphold their cause. 46 “When they sin against you– for there is no one who does not sin– and you become angry with them and give them over to the enemy, who takes them captive to his own land, far away or near; 47and if they have a change of heart in the land where they are held captive, and repent and plead with you in the land of their conquerors and say, ‘We have sinned, we have done wrong, we have acted wickedly’; 48 and if they turn back to you with all their heart and soul in the land of their enemies who took them captive, and pray to you toward the land you gave their fathers, toward the city you have chosen and the temple I have built for your Name; 49 then from heaven, your dwelling place, hear their prayer and their plea, and uphold their cause. 50 And forgive your people, who have sinned against you; forgive all the offenses they have committed against you, and cause their conquerors to show them mercy; 51 for they are your people and your inheritance, whom you brought out of Egypt, out of that iron-smelting furnace. 52 “May your eyes be open to your servant’s plea and to the plea of your people Israel, and may you listen to them whenever they cry out to you. 53 For you singled them out from all the nations of the world to be your own inheritance, just as you declared through your servant Moses when you, O Sovereign LORD, brought our fathers out of Egypt.”

1 Chron. 16;7-36 David sets up the ark and appoints worship leaders; combines Ps. 105:1-5 in v8-22 and Ps. 96 in v23-36

1 Chronicles 16:7 That day David first committed to Asaph and his associates this psalm of thanks to the LORD: 8 Give thanks to the LORD, call on his name; make known among the nations what he has done. 9 Sing to him, sing praise to him; tell of all his wonderful acts. 10 Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice. 11 Look to the LORD and his strength; seek his face always. 12 Remember the wonders he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced, 13 O descendants of Israel his servant, O sons of Jacob, his chosen ones. 14 He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth. 15 He remembers his covenant forever, the word he commanded, for a thousand generations, 16 the covenant he made with Abraham, the oath he swore to Isaac. 17 He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree, to Israel as an everlasting covenant: 18 “To you I will give the land of Canaan as the portion you will inherit.” 19 When they were but few in number, few indeed, and strangers in it, 20 they wandered from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another. 21 He allowed no man to oppress them; for their sake he rebuked kings: 22 “Do not touch my anointed ones; do my prophets no harm.” 23 Sing to the LORD, all the earth; proclaim his salvation day after day. 24 Declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous deeds among all peoples. 25 For great is the LORD and most worthy of praise; he is to be feared above all gods. 26 For all the gods of the nations are idols, but the LORD made the heavens. 27 Splendor and majesty are before him; strength and joy in his dwelling place. 28 Ascribe to the LORD, O families of nations, ascribe to the LORD glory and strength, 29 ascribe to the LORD the glory due his name. Bring an offering and come before him; worship the LORD in the splendor of his holiness. 30 Tremble before him, all the earth! The world is firmly established; it cannot be moved. 31 Let the heavens rejoice, let the earth be glad; let them say among the nations, “The LORD reigns!” 32 Let the sea resound, and all that is in it; let the fields be jubilant, and everything in them! 33 Then the trees of the forest will sing, they will sing for joy before the LORD, for he comes to judge the earth. 34 Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good; his love endures forever. 35 Cry out, “Save us, O God our Savior; gather us and deliver us from the nations, that we may give thanks to your holy name, that we may glory in your praise.” 36 Praise be to the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting. Then all the people said “Amen” and “Praise the LORD.”

Psalms of lamentation


Jesus’ prayer on the cross


Psalm 22:1 (For the director of music. To the tune of “The Doe of the Morning.” A psalm of David.)

My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning? 2 O my God, I cry out by day, but you do not answer, by night, and am not silent. 3 Yet you are enthroned as the Holy One; you are the praise of Israel. 4 In you our fathers put their trust; they trusted and you delivered them. 5 They cried to you and were saved; in you they trusted and were not disappointed. 6 But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by men and despised by the people. 7 All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: 8 “He trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him.” 9 Yet you brought me out of the womb; you made me trust in you even at my mother’s breast. 10 From birth I was cast upon you; from my mother’s womb you have been my God. 11 Do not be far from me, for trouble is near and there is no one to help. 12 Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me. 13 Roaring lions tearing their prey open their mouths wide against me. 14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint. My heart has turned to wax; it has melted away within me. 15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death. 16 Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. 17 I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me. 18 They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing. 19 But you, O LORD, be not far off; O my Strength, come quickly to help me. 20 Deliver my life from the sword, my precious life from the power of the dogs. 21 Rescue me from the mouth of the lions; save me from the horns of the wild oxen. 22 I will declare your name to my brothers; in the congregation I will praise you. 23 You who fear the LORD, praise him! All you descendants of Jacob, honor him! Revere him, all you descendants of Israel! 24 For he has not despised or disdained the suffering of the afflicted one; he has not hidden his face from him but has listened to his cry for help. 25 From you comes the theme of my praise in the great assembly; before those who fear you will I fulfill my vows. 26 The poor will eat and be satisfied; they who seek the LORD will praise him– may your hearts live forever! 27 All the ends of the earth will remember and turn to the LORD, and all the families of the nations will bow down before him, 28 for dominion belongs to the LORD and he rules over the nations. 29 All the rich of the earth will feast and worship; all who go down to the dust will kneel before him– those who cannot keep themselves alive. 30 Posterity will serve him; future generations will be told about the Lord. 31 They will proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn– for he has done it.

Psalm 42:1 For the director of music. A maskil of the Sons of Korah. As the deer pants for streams of water, so my soul pants for you, O God. 2 My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. When can I go and meet with God? 3 My tears have been my food day and night, while men say to me all day long, “Where is your God?” 4 These things I remember as I pour out my soul: how I used to go with the multitude, leading the procession to the house of God, with shouts of joy and thanksgiving among the festive throng. 5 Why are you downcast, O my soul? Why so disturbed within me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and 6 my God. My soul is downcast within me; therefore I will remember you from the land of the Jordan, the heights of Hermon– from Mount Mizar. 7 Deep calls to deep in the roar of your waterfalls; all your waves and breakers have swept over me. 8 By day the LORD directs his love, at night his song is with me– a prayer to the God of my life. 9 I say to God my Rock, “Why have you forgotten me? Why must I go about mourning, oppressed by the enemy?” 10 My bones suffer mortal agony as my foes taunt me, saying to me all day long, “Where is your God?” 11 Why are you downcast, O my soul? Why so disturbed within me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and my God.

Psalm 102:1 A prayer of an afflicted man. When he is faint and pours out his lament before the LORD. Hear my prayer, O LORD; let my cry for help come to you. 2 Do not hide your face from me when I am in distress. Turn your ear to me; when I call, answer me quickly. 3 For my days vanish like smoke; my bones burn like glowing embers. 4 My heart is blighted and withered like grass; I forget to eat my food. 5 Because of my loud groaning I am reduced to skin and bones. 6 I am like a desert owl, like an owl among the ruins. 7 I lie awake; I have become like a bird alone on a roof. 8 All day long my enemies taunt me; those who rail against me use my name as a curse. 9 For I eat ashes as my food and mingle my drink with tears 10 because of your great wrath, for you have taken me up and thrown me aside. 11 My days are like the evening shadow; I wither away like grass. 12 But you, O LORD, sit enthroned forever; your renown endures through all generations. 13 You will arise and have compassion on Zion, for it is time to show favor to her; the appointed time has come. 14 For her stones are dear to your servants; her very dust moves them to pity. 15 The nations will fear the name of the LORD, all the kings of the earth will revere your glory. 16 For the LORD will rebuild Zion and appear in his glory. 17 He will respond to the prayer of the destitute; he will not despise their plea. 18 Let this be written for a future generation, that a people not yet created may praise the LORD: 19 “The LORD looked down from his sanctuary on high, from heaven he viewed the earth, 20 to hear the groans of the prisoners and release those condemned to death.” 21 So the name of the LORD will be declared in Zion and his praise in Jerusalem 22 when the peoples and the kingdoms assemble to worship the LORD. 23 In the course of my life he broke my strength; he cut short my days. 24 So I said: “Do not take me away, O my God, in the midst of my days; your years go on through all generations. 25 In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. 26 They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. Like clothing you will change them and they will be discarded. 27 But you remain the same, and your years will never end. 28 The children of your servants will live in your presence; their descendants will be established before you.”

Psalm 130:1 A song of ascents. Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD; 2 O Lord, hear my voice. Let your ears be attentive to my cry for mercy. 3 If you, O LORD, kept a record of sins, O Lord, who could stand? 4 But with you there is forgiveness; therefore you are feared. 5 I wait for the LORD, my soul waits, and in his word I put my hope. 6 My soul waits for the Lord more than watchmen wait for the morning, more than watchmen wait for the morning. 7 O Israel, put your hope in the LORD, for with the LORD is unfailing love and with him is full redemption. 8 He himself will redeem Israel from all their sins.

Fast day psalms – all the lamentation psalms and particularly 79, 80, 81


Invocation for fast day(?) – Ps. 120


Psalm 120:1 A song of ascents.

I call on the LORD in my distress, and he answers me. 2 Save me, O LORD, from lying lips and from deceitful tongues. 3 What will he do to you, and what more besides, O deceitful tongue? 4 He will punish you with a warrior’s sharp arrows, with burning coals of the broom tree. 5 Woe to me that I dwell in Meshech, that I live among the tents of Kedar! 6 Too long have I lived among those who hate peace. 7 I am a man of peace; but when I speak, they are for war.

Processional for fast day – Ps. 46

Psalm 46:1 For the director of music. Of the Sons of Korah. According to alamoth. A song.

God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. 2 Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea, 3 though its waters roar and foam and the mountains quake with their surging. Selah 4 There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells. 5 God is within her, she will not fall; God will help her at break of day. 6 Nations are in uproar, kingdoms fall; he lifts his voice, the earth melts. 7 The LORD Almighty is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress. Selah 8 Come and see the works of the LORD, the desolations he has brought on the earth. 9 He makes wars cease to the ends of the earth; he breaks the bow and shatters the spear, he burns the shields with fire. 10 “Be still, and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth.” 11 The LORD Almighty is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress. Selah

Psalm 79:1 A psalm of Asaph.

O God, the nations have invaded your inheritance; they have defiled your holy temple, they have reduced Jerusalem to rubble. 2 They have given the dead bodies of your servants as food to the birds of the air, the flesh of your saints to the beasts of the earth. 3 They have poured out blood like water all around Jerusalem, and there is no one to bury the dead. 4 We are objects of reproach to our neighbors, of scorn and derision to those around us. 5 How long, O LORD? Will you be angry forever? How long will your jealousy burn like fire? 6 Pour out your wrath on the nations that do not acknowledge you, on the kingdoms that do not call on your name; 7 for they have devoured Jacob and destroyed his homeland. 8 Do not hold against us the sins of the fathers; may your mercy come quickly to meet us, for we are in desperate need. 9 Help us, O God our Savior, for the glory of your name; deliver us and forgive our sins for your name’s sake. 10 Why should the nations say, “Where is their God?” Before our eyes, make known among the nations that you avenge the outpoured blood of your servants. 11 May the groans of the prisoners come before you; by the strength of your arm preserve those condemned to die. 12 Pay back into the laps of our neighbors seven times the reproach they have hurled at you, O Lord. 13 Then we your people, the sheep of your pasture, will praise you forever; from generation to generation we will recount your praise.

Psalm 80:1 For the director of music. To the tune of “The Lilies of the Covenant.” Of Asaph. A psalm.

Hear us, O Shepherd of Israel, you who lead Joseph like a flock; you who sit enthroned between the cherubim, shine forth 2 before Ephraim, Benjamin and Manasseh. Awaken your might; come and save us. 3 Restore us, O God; make your face shine upon us, that we may be saved. 4 O LORD God Almighty, how long will your anger smolder against the prayers of your people? 5 You have fed them with the bread of tears; you have made them drink tears by the bowlful. 6 You have made us a source of contention to our neighbors, and our enemies mock us. 7 Restore us, O God Almighty; make your face shine upon us, that we may be saved. 8 You brought a vine out of Egypt; you drove out the nations and planted it. 9 You cleared the ground for it, and it took root and filled the land. 10 The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches. 11 It sent out its boughs to the Sea, its shoots as far as the River. 12 Why have you broken down its walls so that all who pass by pick its grapes? 13 Boars from the forest ravage it and the creatures of the field feed on it. 14 Return to us, O God Almighty! Look down from heaven and see! Watch over this vine, 15 the root your right hand has planted, the son you have raised up for yourself. 16 Your vine is cut down, it is burned with fire; at your rebuke your people perish. 17 Let your hand rest on the man at your right hand, the son of man you have raised up for yourself. 18 Then we will not turn away from you; revive us, and we will call on your name. 19 Restore us, O LORD God Almighty; make your face shine upon us, that we may be saved.

Psalm 81:1 For the director of music. According to gittith. Of Asaph.

Sing for joy to God our strength; shout aloud to the God of Jacob! 2 Begin the music, strike the tambourine, play the melodious harp and lyre. 3 Sound the ram’s horn at the New Moon, and when the moon is full, on the day of our Feast; 4 this is a decree for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob. 5 He established it as a statute for Joseph when he went out against Egypt, where we heard a language we did not understand. 6 He says, “I removed the burden from their shoulders; their hands were set free from the basket. 7 In your distress you called and I rescued you, I answered you out of a thundercloud; I tested you at the waters of Meribah. Selah 8 “Hear, O my people, and I will warn you– if you would but listen to me, O Israel! 9 You shall have no foreign god among you; you shall not bow down to an alien god. 10 I am the LORD your God, who brought you up out of Egypt. Open wide your mouth and I will fill it. 11 “But my people would not listen to me; Israel would not submit to me. 12 So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts to follow their own devices. 13 “If my people would but listen to me, if Israel would follow my ways, 14 how quickly would I subdue their enemies and turn my hand against their foes! 15 Those who hate the LORD would cringe before him, and their punishment would last forever. 16 But you would be fed with the finest of wheat; with honey from the rock I would satisfy you.”

Psalms of ordeal (when someone was being falsely accused)

Psalm 26:1 Of David.

Vindicate me, O LORD, for I have led a blameless life; I have trusted in the LORD without wavering. 2 Test me, O LORD, and try me, examine my heart and my mind; 3 for your love is ever before me, and I walk continually in your truth. 4 I do not sit with deceitful men, nor do I consort with hypocrites; 5 I abhor the assembly of evildoers and refuse to sit with the wicked. 6 I wash my hands in innocence, and go about your altar, O LORD, 7 proclaiming aloud your praise and telling of all your wonderful deeds. 8 I love the house where you live, O LORD, the place where your glory dwells. 9 Do not take away my soul along with sinners, my life with bloodthirsty men, 10 in whose hands are wicked schemes, whose right hands are full of bribes. 11 But I lead a blameless life; redeem me and be merciful to me. 12 My feet stand on level ground; in the great assembly I will praise the LORD.

Psalms of healing

Psalm 23:1 A psalm of David.

The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not be in want. 2 He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters, 3 he restores my soul. He guides me in paths of righteousness for his name’s sake. 4 Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. 5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. 6 Surely goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.

Psalm 90:1 A prayer of Moses the man of God.

Lord, you have been our dwelling place throughout all generations. 2 Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God. 3 You turn men back to dust, saying, “Return to dust, O sons of men.” 4 For a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by, or like a watch in the night. 5 You sweep men away in the sleep of death; they are like the new grass of the morning– 6 though in the morning it springs up new, by evening it is dry and withered. 7 We are consumed by your anger and terrified by your indignation. 8 You have set our iniquities before you, our secret sins in the light of your presence. 9 All our days pass away under your wrath; we finish our years with a moan. 10 The length of our days is seventy years– or eighty, if we have the strength; yet their span is but trouble and sorrow, for they quickly pass, and we fly away. 11 Who knows the power of your anger? For your wrath is as great as the fear that is due you. 12 Teach us to number our days aright, that we may gain a heart of wisdom. 13 Relent, O LORD! How long will it be? Have compassion on your servants. 14 Satisfy us in the morning with your unfailing love, that we may sing for joy and be glad all our days. 15 Make us glad for as many days as you have afflicted us, for as many years as we have seen trouble. 16 May your deeds be shown to your servants, your splendor to their children. 17 May the favor of the Lord our God rest upon us; establish the work of our hands for us– yes, establish the work of our hands.

Psalms of thanksgiving

Psalm 107:1 Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good; his love endures forever. 2 Let the redeemed of the LORD say this– those he redeemed from the hand of the foe, 3 those he gathered from the lands, from east and west, from north and south. 4 Some wandered in desert wastelands, finding no way to a city where they could settle. 5 They were hungry and thirsty, and their lives ebbed away. 6 Then they cried out to the LORD in their trouble, and he delivered them from their distress. 7 He led them by a straight way to a city where they could settle. 8 Let them give thanks to the LORD for his unfailing love and his wonderful deeds for men, 9 for he satisfies the thirsty and fills the hungry with good things. 10 Some sat in darkness and the deepest gloom, prisoners suffering in iron chains, 11 for they had rebelled against the words of God and despised the counsel of the Most High. 12 So he subjected them to bitter labor; they stumbled, and there was no one to help. 13 Then they cried to the LORD in their trouble, and he saved them from their distress. 14 He brought them out of darkness and the deepest gloom and broke away their chains. 15 Let them give thanks to the LORD for his unfailing love and his wonderful deeds for men, 16 for he breaks down gates of bronze and cuts through bars of iron. 17 Some became fools through their rebellious ways and suffered affliction because of their iniquities. 18 They loathed all food and drew near the gates of death. 19 Then they cried to the LORD in their trouble, and he saved them from their distress. 20 He sent forth his word and healed them; he rescued them from the grave. 21 Let them give thanks to the LORD for his unfailing love and his wonderful deeds for men. 22 Let them sacrifice thank offerings and tell of his works with songs of joy. 23 Others went out on the sea in ships; they were merchants on the mighty waters. 24 They saw the works of the LORD, his wonderful deeds in the deep. 25 For he spoke and stirred up a tempest that lifted high the waves. 26 They mounted up to the heavens and went down to the depths; in their peril their courage melted away. 27 They reeled and staggered like drunken men; they were at their wits’ end. 28 Then they cried out to the LORD in their trouble, and he brought them out of their distress. 29 He stilled the storm to a whisper; the waves of the sea were hushed. 30 They were glad when it grew calm, and he guided them to their desired haven. 31 Let them give thanks to the LORD for his unfailing love and his wonderful deeds for men. 32 Let them exalt him in the assembly of the people and praise him in the council of the elders. 33 He turned rivers into a desert, flowing springs into thirsty ground, 34 and fruitful land into a salt waste, because of the wickedness of those who lived there. 35 He turned the desert into pools of water and the parched ground into flowing springs; 36 there he brought the hungry to live, and they founded a city where they could settle. 37 They sowed fields and planted vineyards that yielded a fruitful harvest; 38 he blessed them, and their numbers greatly increased, and he did not let their herds diminish. 39 Then their numbers decreased, and they were humbled by oppression, calamity and sorrow; 40 he who pours contempt on nobles made them wander in a trackless waste. 41 But he lifted the needy out of their affliction and increased their families like flocks. 42 The upright see and rejoice, but all the wicked shut their mouths. 43 Whoever is wise, let him heed these things and consider the great love of the LORD.

Psalm 116:1 I love the LORD, for he heard my voice; he heard my cry for mercy. 2 Because he turned his ear to me, I will call on him as long as I live. 3 The cords of death entangled me, the anguish of the grave came upon me; I was overcome by trouble and sorrow. 4 Then I called on the name of the LORD: “O LORD, save me!” 5 The LORD is gracious and righteous; our God is full of compassion. 6 The LORD protects the simplehearted; when I was in great need, he saved me. 7 Be at rest once more, O my soul, for the LORD has been good to you. 8 For you, O LORD, have delivered my soul from death, my eyes from tears, my feet from stumbling, 9 that I may walk before the LORD in the land of the living. 10 I believed; therefore I said, “I am greatly afflicted.” 11 And in my dismay I said, “All men are liars.” 12 How can I repay the LORD for all his goodness to me? 13 I will lift up the cup of salvation and call on the name of the LORD. 14 I will fulfill my vows to the LORD in the presence of all his people. 15 Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of his saints. 16 O LORD, truly I am your servant; I am your servant, the son of your maidservant; you have freed me from my chains. 17 I will sacrifice a thank offering to you and call on the name of the LORD. 18 I will fulfill my vows to the LORD in the presence of all his people, 19 in the courts of the house of the LORD– in your midst, O Jerusalem. Praise the LORD.

Psalms of thanksgiving – festal – Songs of Zion – processionals into the temple

Psalm 24:1 Of David. A psalm.

The earth is the LORD’s, and everything in it, the world, and all who live in it; 2 for he founded it upon the seas and established it upon the waters. 3 Who may ascend the hill of the LORD? Who may stand in his holy place? 4 He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to an idol or swear by what is false. 5 He will receive blessing from the LORD and vindication from God his Savior. 6 Such is the generation of those who seek him, who seek your face, O God of Jacob. Selah 7 Lift up your heads, O you gates; be lifted up, you ancient doors, that the King of glory may come in. 8 Who is this King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD mighty in battle. 9 Lift up your heads, O you gates; lift them up, you ancient doors, that the King of glory may come in. 10 Who is he, this King of glory? The LORD Almighty– he is the King of glory. Selah

Psalm 46:1 For the director of music. Of the Sons of Korah. According to alamoth. A song.

God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. 2 Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea, 3 though its waters roar and foam and the mountains quake with their surging. Selah 4 There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells. 5 God is within her, she will not fall; God will help her at break of day. 6 Nations are in uproar, kingdoms fall; he lifts his voice, the earth melts. 7 The LORD Almighty is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress. Selah 8 Come and see the works of the LORD, the desolations he has brought on the earth. 9 He makes wars cease to the ends of the earth; he breaks the bow and shatters the spear, he burns the shields with fire. 10 “Be still, and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth.” 11 The LORD Almighty is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress. Selah

Psalm 47:1 For the director of music. Of the Sons of Korah. A psalm.

Clap your hands, all you nations; shout to God with cries of joy. 2 How awesome is the LORD Most High, the great King over all the earth! 3 He subdued nations under us, peoples under our feet. 4 He chose our inheritance for us, the pride of Jacob, whom he loved. Selah 5 God has ascended amid shouts of joy, the LORD amid the sounding of trumpets. 6 Sing praises to God, sing praises; sing praises to our King, sing praises. 7 For God is the King of all the earth; sing to him a psalm of praise. 8 God reigns over the nations; God is seated on his holy throne. 9 The nobles of the nations assemble as the people of the God of Abraham, for the kings of the earth belong to God; he is greatly exalted.

Psalm 48:1 A song. A psalm of the Sons of Korah.

Great is the LORD, and most worthy of praise, in the city of our God, his holy mountain. 2 It is beautiful in its loftiness, the joy of the whole earth. Like the utmost heights of Zaphon is Mount Zion, the city of the Great King. 3 God is in her citadels; he has shown himself to be her fortress. 4 When the kings joined forces, when they advanced together, 5 they saw her and were astounded; they fled in terror. 6 Trembling seized them there, pain like that of a woman in labor. 7 You destroyed them like ships of Tarshish shattered by an east wind. 8 As we have heard, so have we seen in the city of the LORD Almighty, in the city of our God: God makes her secure forever. Selah 9 Within your temple, O God, we meditate on your unfailing love. 10 Like your name, O God, your praise reaches to the ends of the earth; your right hand is filled with righteousness. 11 Mount Zion rejoices, the villages of Judah are glad because of your judgments. 12 Walk about Zion, go around her, count her towers, 13 consider well her ramparts, view her citadels, that you may tell of them to the next generation. 14 For this God is our God for ever and ever; he will be our guide even to the end.

Psalm 84:1 For the director of music. According to gittith. Of the Sons of Korah. A psalm.

How lovely is your dwelling place, O LORD Almighty! 2 My soul yearns, even faints, for the courts of the LORD; my heart and my flesh cry out for the living God. 3 Even the sparrow has found a home, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may have her young– a place near your altar, O LORD Almighty, my King and my God. 4 Blessed are those who dwell in your house; they are ever praising you. Selah 5 Blessed are those whose strength is in you, who have set their hearts on pilgrimage. 6 As they pass through the Valley of Baca, they make it a place of springs; the autumn rains also cover it with pools. 7 They go from strength to strength, till each appears before God in Zion. 8 Hear my prayer, O LORD God Almighty; listen to me, O God of Jacob. Selah 9 Look upon our shield, O God; look with favor on your anointed one. 10 Better is one day in your courts than a thousand elsewhere; I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God than dwell in the tents of the wicked. 11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield; the LORD bestows favor and honor; no good thing does he withhold from those whose walk is blameless. 12 O LORD Almighty, blessed is the man who trusts in you.

Sabbath Psalms – 93-100

Psalm 93:1 The LORD reigns, he is robed in majesty; the LORD is robed in majesty and is armed with strength. The world is firmly established; it cannot be moved. 2 Your throne was established long ago; you are from all eternity. 3 The seas have lifted up, O LORD, the seas have lifted up their voice; the seas have lifted up their pounding waves. 4 Mightier than the thunder of the great waters, mightier than the breakers of the sea– the LORD on high is mighty. 5 Your statutes stand firm; holiness adorns your house for endless days, O LORD.

Passover Psalms – 113-118

Psalm 113:1 Praise the LORD. Praise, O servants of the LORD, praise the name of the LORD. 2 Let the name of the LORD be praised, both now and forevermore. 3 From the rising of the sun to the place where it sets, the name of the LORD is to be praised. 4 The LORD is exalted over all the nations, his glory above the heavens. 5 Who is like the LORD our God, the One who sits enthroned on high, 6 who stoops down to look on the heavens and the earth? 7 He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap; 8 he seats them with princes, with the princes of their people. 9 He settles the barren woman in her home as a happy mother of children. Praise the LORD.

Royal Psalms – 72, 110

Psalm 72:1 Of Solomon. Endow the king with your justice, O God, the royal son with your righteousness. 2 He will judge your people in righteousness, your afflicted ones with justice. 3 The mountains will bring prosperity to the people, the hills the fruit of righteousness. 4 He will defend the afflicted among the people and save the children of the needy; he will crush the oppressor. 5 He will endure as long as the sun, as long as the moon, through all generations. 6 He will be like rain falling on a mown field, like showers watering the earth. 7 In his days the righteous will flourish; prosperity will abound till the moon is no more. 8 He will rule from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth. 9 The desert tribes will bow before him and his enemies will lick the dust. 10 The kings of Tarshish and of distant shores will bring tribute to him; the kings of Sheba and Seba will present him gifts. 11 All kings will bow down to him and all nations will serve him. 12 For he will deliver the needy who cry out, the afflicted who have no one to help. 13 He will take pity on the weak and the needy and save the needy from death. 14 He will rescue them from oppression and violence, for precious is their blood in his sight. 15 Long may he live! May gold from Sheba be given him. May people ever pray for him and bless him all day long. 16 Let grain abound throughout the land; on the tops of the hills may it sway. Let its fruit flourish like Lebanon; let it thrive like the grass of the field. 17 May his name endure forever; may it continue as long as the sun. All nations will be blessed through him, and they will call him blessed. 18 Praise be to the LORD God, the God of Israel, who alone does marvelous deeds. 19 Praise be to his glorious name forever; may the whole earth be filled with his glory. Amen and Amen. 20 This concludes the prayers of David son of Jesse.

Daily Morning Psalms – 145-150

Psalm 145:1 A psalm of praise. Of David. I will exalt you, my God the King; I will praise your name for ever and ever. 2 Every day I will praise you and extol your name for ever and ever. 3 Great is the LORD and most worthy of praise; his greatness no one can fathom. 4 One generation will commend your works to another; they will tell of your mighty acts. 5 They will speak of the glorious splendor of your majesty, and I will meditate on your wonderful works. 6 They will tell of the power of your awesome works, and I will proclaim your great deeds. 7 They will celebrate your abundant goodness and joyfully sing of your righteousness. 8 The LORD is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and rich in love. 9 The LORD is good to all; he has compassion on all he has made. 10 All you have made will praise you, O LORD; your saints will extol you. 11 They will tell of the glory of your kingdom and speak of your might, 12 so that all men may know of your mighty acts and the glorious splendor of your kingdom. 13 Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and your dominion endures through all generations. The LORD is faithful to all his promises and loving toward all he has made. 14 The LORD upholds all those who fall and lifts up all who are bowed down. 15 The eyes of all look to you, and you give them their food at the proper time. 16 You open your hand and satisfy the desires of every living thing. 17 The LORD is righteous in all his ways and loving toward all he has made. 18 The LORD is near to all who call on him, to all who call on him in truth. 19 He fulfills the desires of those who fear him; he hears their cry and saves them. 20 The LORD watches over all who love him, but all the wicked he will destroy. 21 My mouth will speak in praise of the LORD. Let every creature praise his holy name for ever and ever.

Wisdom Psalms – 1, 19, 34, 111-112, 119

Psalm 1:1 Blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked or stand in the way of sinners or sit in the seat of mockers. 2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. 3 He is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither. Whatever he does prospers. 4 Not so the wicked! They are like chaff that the wind blows away. 5 Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous. 6 For the LORD watches over the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

How the ministry of supplication was carried out by a prophet of Israel; Jeremiah was a temple prophet with a definite role in worship; Jeremiah acknowledges that they have sinned, but asks God to forgive them nevertheless; v10-12 God responds in a prophetic oracle that he will not grant their prayer

Jeremiah 4:1 “If you will return, O Israel, return to me,” declares the LORD. “If you put your detestable idols out of my sight and no longer go astray, 2 and if in a truthful, just and righteous way you swear, ‘As surely as the LORD lives,’ then the nations will be blessed by him and in him they will glory.” 3 This is what the LORD says to the men of Judah and to Jerusalem: “Break up your unplowed ground and do not sow among thorns. 4 Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, circumcise your hearts, you men of Judah and people of Jerusalem, or my wrath will break out and burn like fire because of the evil you have done– burn with no one to quench it. 5 “Announce in Judah and proclaim in Jerusalem and say: ‘Sound the trumpet throughout the land!’ Cry aloud and say: ‘Gather together! Let us flee to the fortified cities!’ 6 Raise the signal to go to Zion! Flee for safety without delay! For I am bringing disaster from the north, even terrible destruction.” 7 A lion has come out of his lair; a destroyer of nations has set out. He has left his place to lay waste your land. Your towns will lie in ruins without inhabitant. 8 So put on sackcloth, lament and wail, for the fierce anger of the LORD has not turned away from us. 9 “In that day,” declares the LORD, “the king and the officials will lose heart, the priests will be horrified, and the prophets will be appalled.” 10 Then I said, “Ah, Sovereign LORD, how completely you have deceived this people and Jerusalem by saying, ‘You will have peace,’ when the sword is at our throats.” 11 At that time this people and Jerusalem will be told, “A scorching wind from the barren heights in the desert blows toward my people, but not to winnow or cleanse; 12 a wind too strong for that comes from me. Now I pronounce my judgments against them.”

Daniel’s prayer

Daniel 9:4-19 I prayed to the LORD my God and confessed:

“O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps his covenant of love with all who love him and obey his commands, 5 we have sinned and done wrong. We have been wicked and have rebelled; we have turned away from your commands and laws. 6 We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. 7 “Lord, you are righteous, but this day we are covered with shame– the men of Judah and people of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far, in all the countries where you have scattered us because of our unfaithfulness to you. 8 O LORD, we and our kings, our princes and our fathers are covered with shame because we have sinned against you. 9 The Lord our God is merciful and forgiving, even though we have rebelled against him; 10 we have not obeyed the LORD our God or kept the laws he gave us through his servants the prophets. 11 All Israel has transgressed your law and turned away, refusing to obey you. “Therefore the curses and sworn judgments written in the Law of Moses, the servant of God, have been poured out on us, because we have sinned against you. 12 You have fulfilled the words spoken against us and against our rulers by bringing upon us great disaster. Under the whole heaven nothing has ever been done like what has been done to Jerusalem. 13 Just as it is written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come upon us, yet we have not sought the favor of the LORD our God by turning from our sins and giving attention to your truth. 14 The LORD did not hesitate to bring the disaster upon us, for the LORD our God is righteous in everything he does; yet we have not obeyed him. 15 “Now, O Lord our God, who brought your people out of Egypt with a mighty hand and who made for yourself a name that endures to this day, we have sinned, we have done wrong. 16 O Lord, in keeping with all your righteous acts, turn away your anger and your wrath from Jerusalem, your city, your holy hill. Our sins and the iniquities of our fathers have made Jerusalem and your people an object of scorn to all those around us. 17 “Now, our God, hear the prayers and petitions of your servant. For your sake, O Lord, look with favor on your desolate sanctuary. 18 Give ear, O God, and hear; open your eyes and see the desolation of the city that bears your Name. We do not make requests of you because we are righteous, but because of your great mercy. 19 O Lord, listen! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, hear and act! For your sake, O my God, do not delay, because your city and your people bear your Name.”

A lamentation of Joel hoping for a prophetic word of promise and restoration (2:12-17?); people made a vow, then were obligated to come back and sacrifice (votive offering) to God’s answer

Joel 1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Joel son of Pethuel. 2 Hear this, you elders; listen, all who live in the land. Has anything like this ever happened in your days or in the days of your forefathers? 3 Tell it to your children, and let your children tell it to their children, and their children to the next generation. 4 What the locust swarm has left the great locusts have eaten; what the great locusts have left the young locusts have eaten; what the young locusts have left other locusts have eaten. 5 Wake up, you drunkards, and weep! Wail, all you drinkers of wine; wail because of the new wine, for it has been snatched from your lips. 6 A nation has invaded my land, powerful and without number; it has the teeth of a lion, the fangs of a lioness. 7 It has laid waste my vines and ruined my fig trees. It has stripped off their bark and thrown it away, leaving their branches white. 8 Mourn like a virgin in sackcloth grieving for the husband of her youth. 9 Grain offerings and drink offerings are cut off from the house of the LORD. The priests are in mourning, those who minister before the LORD. 10 The fields are ruined, the ground is dried up; the grain is destroyed, the new wine is dried up, the oil fails. 11 Despair, you farmers, wail, you vine growers; grieve for the wheat and the barley, because the harvest of the field is destroyed. 12 The vine is dried up and the fig tree is withered; the pomegranate, the palm and the apple tree– all the trees of the field– are dried up. Surely the joy of mankind is withered away.

Song of Songs/Solomon – the canticle of canticles

Aprocrypha

Prayer of Azariah 1.1-22

Manasseh

NEW TESTAMENT

Lukan Canticles: Song of Zechariah, Magnificat, Nunc Dimitus (Simeon), Gloria in excelsis deo

Revelation Canticles; worthy is the Lamb who was slain, ; Holy, holy, holy…, ; Hallelujah! For the Lord our God…,19.1-8 – prob allusion to Sabbath psalms (93-100) and the wedding song (Song of Songs) and song of the Lamb (Is. 53)

The Lord’s Prayer, Matt. 6:9-13 (NLT)

Pray like this: Our Father in heaven, may your name be kept holy. May your Kingdom come soon. May your will be done on earth, as it is in heaven. Give us today the food we need, and forgive us our sins, as we have forgiven those who sin against us. And don’t let us yield to temptation, but rescue us from the evil one.

The High Priestly Prayer, John 17
John 17:1 After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: “Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you. 2 For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him. 3 Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent. 4 I have brought you glory on earth by completing the work you gave me to do. 5 And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began. 6 “I have revealed you to those whom you gave me out of the world. They were yours; you gave them to me and they have obeyed your word. 7 Now they know that everything you have given me comes from you. 8 For I gave them the words you gave me and they accepted them. They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. 9 I pray for them. I am not praying for the world, but for those you have given me, for they are yours. 10 All I have is yours, and all you have is mine. And glory has come to me through them. 11 I will remain in the world no longer, but they are still in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them by the power of your name– the name you gave me– so that they may be one as we are one. 12 While I was with them, I protected them and kept them safe by that name you gave me. None has been lost except the one doomed to destruction so that Scripture would be fulfilled. 13 “I am coming to you now, but I say these things while I am still in the world, so that they may have the full measure of my joy within them. 14 I have given them your word and the world has hated them, for they are not of the world any more than I am of the world. 15 My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one. 16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of it. 17 Sanctify them by the truth; your word is truth. 18 As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world. 19 For them I sanctify myself, that they too may be truly sanctified. 20 “My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, 21 that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. 22 I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one: 23 I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me. 24 “Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world. 25 “Righteous Father, though the world does not know you, I know you, and they know that you have sent me. 26 I have made you known to them, and will continue to make you known in order that the love you have for me may be in them and that I myself may be in them.”

Prayer in Gethsemane, Matt. 26.36-46 (NLT)

Then Jesus went with them to the olive grove called Gethsemane, and he said, “Sit here while I go over there to pray.” He took Peter and Zebedee’s two sons, James and John, and he became anguished and distressed. He told them, “My soul is crushed with grief to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me.” He went on a little farther and bowed with his face to the ground, praying, “My Father! If it is possible, let this cup of suffering be taken away from me. Yet I want your will to be done, not mine.” Then he returned to the disciples and found them asleep. He said to Peter, “Couldn’t you watch with me even one hour? Keep watch and pray, so that you will not give in to temptation. For the spirit is willing, but the body is weak!” Then Jesus left them a second time and prayed, “My Father! If this cup cannot be taken away unless I drink it, your will be done.” When he returned to them again, he found them sleeping, for they couldn’t keep their eyes open. So he went to pray a third time, saying the same things again. Then he came to the disciples and said, “Go ahead and sleep. Have your rest. But look– the time has come. The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Up, let’s be going. Look, my betrayer is here!”

Jesus’ Prayer on the Cross: Pss. 22, 31, 42-43

Acts 4.23-31 (NLT)

As soon as they were freed, Peter and John returned to the other believers and told them what the leading priests and elders had said. When they heard the report, all the believers lifted their voices together in prayer to God: “O Sovereign Lord, Creator of heaven and earth, the sea, and everything in them–you spoke long ago by the Holy Spirit through our ancestor David, your servant, saying, ‘Why were the nations so angry? Why did they waste their time with futile plans? The kings of the earth prepared for battle; the rulers gathered together against the LORD and against his Messiah.’ “In fact, this has happened here in this very city! For Herod Antipas, Pontius Pilate the governor, the Gentiles, and the people of Israel were all united against Jesus, your holy servant, whom you anointed. But everything they did was determined beforehand according to your will. And now, O Lord, hear their threats, and give us, your servants, great boldness in preaching your word. Stretch out your hand with healing power; may miraculous signs and wonders be done through the name of your holy servant Jesus.” After this prayer, the meeting place shook, and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit. Then they preached the word of God with boldness.

Pauline admonitions to prayer: Pray without ceasing, 1 Thess. 5.17; On behalf of all men…, 1 Tim. 2.1-8; Psalms, hymns…, Col. 3.15-17

____________
Originally written for Hughes Oliphant Old’s course “Leading in Prayer,” Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando, January 2003. 

More Arts Feedback 2010

l love the worship music. It is refreshing to my spirit each week. Each team brings something new to the table.

Submitted by Peggy Laney

More Arts Feedback 2010

1. What new thing(s) would you like to see us do?

· Please consider the suggestions that are being sent in by all folks.
· Singing songs with the words- Blood of Jesus included. That is where the power is-in the Blood. (warfare)
· Choir sing more on Sundays. Maybe a worship musical later on in the fall or winter.
· Use the banner ministry in services. Have a teaching on this by Carol Worth or someone.
· Have a teaching on dancing before the Lord in songs.
· Song words displayed on the screen in back of the sanctuary when funds become available soon.
· Prayer time during practice. Pray for past relationships and hurts to be mended. Maybe Pastor Steve could come and pray with choir sometime.
· Fellowship and getting connected(emails/phone #’s)
· Choir or those willing to lead a jubilant praise and worship time on Wednesday night during the prayer time.
· Mission Outreach into the community with praise and worship.
· Don’t be timid to use more upbeat songs-contemporary
· Encouragement to the congregation to join the choir.

Have a moments or ministry, sign up tables outside, heavy finger foods to welcome them and returning choir members in the fellowship hall in the fall.

2. What would you like to see continued?

· Continue to alternate the teams and maybe having choir lead worship/sing anthem every other Sunday.
· Using the Planning Center to notify practices and songs.

3. What would you like to see changed?

Encourage/use more people who have a desire and passion to help lead worship on the worship teams. God commands us to use our talents, whether one, five, or ten talents. This also gives some ownership to the body of Christ as members are encouraged. Pastor Steve had a sermon awhile back on our passion in ministry.

On the worship team and choir, some voices have been louder than others. Blend and use the voices-even vibratos.

Practice more anthem songs instead of just one on the Thursday night we practice to be more prepared.

I read the blog and many of the suggestions are good. I had one more thought about one suggestions made with contacting Bill Saffo to do a ministry outreach downtown—Call Joey Gore and maybe their choir could join us at a time they are free.

Submitted by Nida Langston